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  • 10-February-2021

    English

    Private Health Insurance

    The OECD Study on Private Health Insurance was completed between 2001 and 2004, and assessed the role that private health insurance (PHI) plays in OECD member countries. This page lists all reports released as part of the study.

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  • 10-February-2021

    English

    Primary Care

    Strengthening primary care, and getting greater value out of this sector, is a priority for all OECD health systems. The OECD Health Division has an ongoing programme of work to support countries in strengthening primary care systems that can meet the needs of their populations now and in the future.

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  • 2-February-2021

    English

    Skills for the future health workforce - Preparing health professionals for people-centred care

    The landscape of health services delivery is undergoing significant transformation from fragmented and disease-centred toward integrated and people-centred care. Health workers find themselves at the centre of this transformation that demands from them commensurate changes in the skill-set employed in day-to-day practice, among other challenges. The paper identifies transversal (core) skills that are becoming increasingly crucial for all front-line health workers to reap the potential benefits of people-centred care, such as better patient and population outcomes, higher productivity, and higher retention/job satisfaction combined among the workers themselves. These transversal skills include interpersonal skills, such as person-centred communication, interprofessional teamwork, self-awareness and socio-cultural sensitivity, as well as analytical skills, such as adaptive problem solving to devise customised care for individual persons, system thinking, openness to continuous learning, and the ability to use digital technologies effectively. Recognising the need to prepare health professionals for meeting the dual challenges of technically and emotionally complex healthcare workplace is a prerequisite to building and maintaining resilient and resourceful health workforce. This paper provides also a brief overview of skills assessment methods and tools that could be used to evaluate the effectiveness of health workforce policies and suggests a skills assessment strategy to evaluate the impact of reforms on the skills and performance of health workforce.
  • 1-February-2021

    English

    Federalism and public health decentralisation in the time of COVID-19

    The Coronavirus pandemic has put extreme pressure on public health services, often delivered at the local and regional levels of government. The paper focuses on how countries made changes to the configuration of federalism during the first wave of the pandemic. These changes typically have involved the centralisation and decentralisation of certain health-related activities, as well as the creation of new coordination and funding mechanisms. Specific tools that have been used include an enhanced role of the executive branch ('executive federalism'), the use of centres of government for vertical coordination, as well as the introduction of unique state-of-emergency laws. New horizontal coordination arrangements have also emerged with the more decentralised approaches. The strengths, weaknesses and implementation risks of various approaches are analysed using country examples.
  • 25-January-2021

    English

    Public Health

    The OECD work on public health explores major risk factors including obesity, diet, physical activity, alcohol consumption, tobacco and environmental risks, NCDs, as well as antimicrobial resistance.

  • 15-January-2021

    English

    OECD Reviews of Health Systems: A series of country reports

    Those in-depth studies of the health system of member countries focus on economic issues. They assess the performance of health systems in a comparative context, identify the main challenges faced by the country health system and put forward policy options to better meet them. Reviews are initiated at the request of the country to be examined and emphasis is placed on specific issues of key policy interest.

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  • 22-December-2020

    English

    OECD Reviews of Public Health: Latvia - A Healthier Tomorrow

    Latvia sees high rates of obesity, smoking and alcohol consumption. In turn, this results in a high incidence of preventable diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes and many cancers. This puts a burden on a health system which is already operating on a very tight budget as compared to other OECD countries. This OECD report shows that Latvia has many of the policies it needs to address these problems in place. However, Latvia needs to go further to ensure the health system can effectively prevent diseases, not just cure them. This will require redesigning policies to reach a larger population and efforts to educate the population to understand how to protect their health. Better screening programmes are needed, as is a stronger primary care sector, and access to essential medicines for all Latvians.
  • 21-December-2020

    English

    Public Health Reviews

    This series of OECD Reviews of Public Health provide in-depth analysis and policy recommendations to strengthen priority areas of countries’ public health systems, highlighting best practice examples that allow learning from shared experiences, and the spreading of innovative approaches.

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  • 9-December-2020

    English

    Health Care Quality and Outcomes

    Providing patients with care that is safe, effective and responsive to patient needs is now recognised as the foremost objective of health systems in all OECD countries. We measure quality of care and help governments identify the drivers of high-quality care as the cornerstone of quality improvement.

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  • 9-December-2020

    English

    Health Care Quality Framework

    Health care quality is a core dimension of health system performance. The Health Care Quality and Outcomes programme aims to develop and report indicators for international comparisons of health care quality.

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