Directorate for Public Governance


OECD Territorial Reviews: Northern Sparsely Populated Areas

The northern sparsely populated areas (NSPA) of Finland, Norway and Sweden are becoming increasingly important to the geopolitical and economic interests of these countries and the European Union. These regions have unique geographical characteristics - low population density and a harsh climate - and face specific challenges due to an ageing population, long distances from markets, and high-cost land transport. However, high productivity growth is possible in low-density regions. This report sets out policy recommendations at cross-border, national and regional scales to enhance prosperity and well-being across the NSPA. This includes closer co-operation with national governments to address shared challenges and opportunities such as improving east-west transport connections and reducing occupational and skills barriers to labour mobility, and addressing barriers to business growth such as access to finance.

Published on March 12, 2017

In series:OECD Territorial Reviewsview more titles


Foreword and acknowledgements
Acronyms and abbreviations
Executive summary
Assessment and Recommendations
Northern Sparsely Populated Areas in Finland, Norway and Sweden4 chapters available
Addressing the shared policy challenges of the Northern Sparsely Populated Areas
Finland's Northern Sparsely Populated Areas
Norway's Northern Sparsely Populated Areas
Sweden's Northern Sparsely Populated Areas
Country Notes - Online Only14 chapters available
Central Ostrobothnia, Finland (Northern Sparsely Populated Area)
Kainuu, Finland (Northern Sparsely Populated Area)
Lapland, Finland (Northern Sparsely Populated Area)
North Karelia, Finland (Northern Sparsely Populated Area)
Northern Ostrobothnia, Finland (Northern Sparsely Populated Area)
Pohjois-Savo, Finland (Northern Sparsely Populated Area)
South Savo, Finland (Northern Sparsely Populated Area)
Finnmark, Norway (Northern Sparsely Populated Area)
Nordland, Norway (Northern Sparsely Populated Area)
Troms, Norway (Northern Sparsely Populated Area)
Jämtland Härjedalen, Sweden (Northern Sparsely Populated Area)
Norrbotten, Sweden (Northern Sparsely Populated Area)
Västerbotten, Sweden (Northern Sparsely Populated Area)
Västernorrland, Sweden (Northern Sparsely Populated Area)
Powered by OECD iLibrary