OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Norway 2017

Following a remarkable transformation in the past century in research and innovation, in particular through the development of new technologies and processes in sectors such as oil and gas, shipbuilding and also fisheries and aquaculture, Norway is today increasingly facing a “triple transition imperative” in which it needs, first, to shift toward a more diversified and robust economy; second, to move to a more competitive, effective and efficient innovation system; and third, to support research and innovation activities that can confront an array of societal challenges (climate change, food security, aging, health and so on). The Long-Term Plan for Research and Higher Education 2015-2024 (LTP) launched by the Norwegian government has set the base to enhance the capacity of the research and higher education system to cope with these transition challenges. This report proposes recommendations to take advantage of the revision of this comprehensive strategic plan in 2018 to improve the horizontal coordination and add more concrete structural policy initiatives, without changing the plan’s general orientation nor giving up the sectorial and the consensus principles that form the basis of Norwegian policy making.

Published on June 16, 2017

In series:OECD Reviews of Innovation Policyview more titles


Acronyms and abbreviations
Executive summary
Overall assessment and recommendations
Macroeconomic and innovation performance in Norway
Developing excellent academic communities for innovation: The Norwegian higher education sector
Enhancing competitiveness and innovation: The Norwegian research institute and business sectors
Tackling societal challenges through research and innovation and public sector innovation in Norway
Improving science, technology and innovation system governance in Norway
Annexes3 chapters available
Main findings of the 2008 OECD Review of Innovation Policy in Norway
Architecture of the 2014 Long-Term Plan for Research and Higher Education
List of people interviewed during fact-finding missions
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