Families and children

OECD Family Database


In view of the strong demand for cross-national indicators on the situation of families and children, the OECD Family Database was developed to provide cross-national indicators on family outcomes and family policies across the OECD countries, its enhanced engagement partners and EU member states.

The database brings together information from various national and international databases, both within the OECD (see related OECD databases) and external organisations. The database currently includes 70 indicators under four main dimensions: (i) structure of families, (ii) labour market position of families, (iii) public policies for families and children and (iv) child outcomes.

Each indicator typically presents the data on a particular issue as well as relevant definitions and methodology, comparability and data issues, information on sources and, where relevant, includes the raw data or descriptive information across countries.

Interactive Tools and Data


cover of DBfC 2009

Selected indicators from the OECD Family Database are now available in OECD.Stat, the OECD's data warehouse, by indicator or by country

The OECD Child Well-Being Data Portal (CWBDP) provides cross-national data on child well-being and the settings in which children grow up.


 1. The structure of families (SF) 
  • Families and Children
  • Fertility indicators
    • SF2.1 Fertility rates (.pdf)  (.xlsx) | [@OECD] [LinkedIn]
    • SF2.2 Ideal and actual number of children  (under development)
    • SF2.3 Age of mothers at childbirth and age-specific fertility (.pdf)  (.xlsx)
    • SF2.4 Share of births outside of marriage (.pdf)  (.xlsx)
    • SF2.5 Childlessness  (under development)
  • Marital and partnership status

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 2. The labour market position of families (LMF) 
  • Families, children and employment status    
    • LMF1.1 Children in households by employment status (.pdf)  (.xlsx)
    • LMF1.2 Maternal employment (.pdf)  (.xlsx)
    • LMF1.3 Maternal employment by partnership status (.pdf)  (.xlsx) 
    • LMF1.4 Employment profiles over the life-course  (.pdf)  (.xlsx)
    • LMF1.5 Gender pay gaps for full-time workers and earnings by educational attainment (.pdf(.xlsx)
    • LMF1.6 Gender differences in employment outcomes (.pdf)  (.xlsx)
  • Workplace hours and time for caring
    • LMF2.1 Usual weekly working hours among men and women by broad hours groups  (.pdf)  (.xlsx) 
    • LMF2.2 Patterns of employment and the distribution of working hours for couples with children (.pdf)  (.xlsx) 
    • LMF2.3 Patterns of employment and the distribution of working hours for single parents (.pdf)  (.xlsx)
    • LMF2.4 Family-friendly workplace practices  (under development)
    • LMF2.5 Time used for work, care and daily household chores (.pdf)  (.xlsx) 
    • LMF2.6 Time spent travelling to and from work (.pdf)  (.xlsx)

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3. Public policies for families and children (PF)

  • General policies for families with children
  • Child-related leave
    • PF2.1 Key characteristics of parental leave systems (.pdf) (.xlsx)
    • PF2.2 Use of childbirth-related leave benefits (.pdf) (.xlsx) 
    • PF2.3 Additional leave entitlements of working parents (.pdf) (.xlsx)
    • PF2.4 Parental leave replacement rates (.pdf) (.xlsx)
    • PF2.5 Trends in leave entitlements around childbirth (.pdf) (.xlsx) (Annex)
    • PF2.6 Same-sex and adoptive parental leave entitlements (.pdf) (.xlsx)
  • Formal care and education for very young children
  • Typology of childcare systems
    • PF4.1 Typology of childcare and early education services (diagrams, from OECD Education database)
    • PF4.2 Quality of childcare and early education services (.pdf) (.xlsx)
    • PF4.3 Out-of-school-hours care (.pdf) (.xlsx)

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4. Child outcomes (CO)‌

(if no weblinks, see the OECD Child Well-Being Data Portal (CWBDP))

  • Child health
    • CO1.1 Infant mortality
    • CO1.2 Life expectancy at birth (.pdf) (.xlsx)
    • CO1.3 Low birth weight
    • CO1.4 Vaccination rates
    • CO1.5 Breastfeeding rates
    • CO1.6 Disease-based indicators: Prevalence of diabetes and asthma among children
    • CO1.7 Overweight and obesity at ages 11, 13 and 15, by gender
    • CO1.8 Regular smokers at ages 11, 13 and 15, by gender
    • CO1.9 Child disability
  • Child poverty
    • CO2.1 Income inequality and the income position of different household types 
    • CO2.2 Child poverty (.pdf)  (.xlsx)
    • CO2.3 Material deprivation among households with children
  • Education/literacy   
    • CO3.1 Educational attainment by gender and expected years in full-time education (.pdf)  (.xlsx)
    • CO3.2 Gender differences in university graduates by fields of study
    • CO3.3 Literacy scores by gender at age 10 (.pdf) (.xlsx)
    • CO3.4 Literacy scores by gender at age 15 (.pdf) (.xlsx)
    • CO3.5 Young people not in education or employment  (.pdf)  (.xlsx)
    • CO3.6 Proportion of immigrant students and their educational outcomes 
  • Societal participation
    • CO4.1 Participation in voluntary work and membership of NGOs for young adults, 15-29 
    • CO4.2 Participation rates of first-time voters 
    • CO4.3 Alcohol and cannabis consumption by young people, by gender
    • CO4.4 Teenage suicides 

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Related databases

  • OECD Gender data portal: This portal includes selected indicators shedding light on gender inequalities in education, employment, entrepreneurship, health, development, governance, digital and energy, showing how far we are from achieving gender equality and where actions is most needed. 
  • OECD Benefits and Wages database: This database includes indicators that show how social and fiscal policies affect working and unemployed individuals and their families.
  • OECD Education database: This database includes annual data that cover outputs of educational institutions, the policy levers that shape educational outputs, the human and financial resources invested in education, structural characteristics of education systems, and the economic and social outcomes of education.
  • OECD Employment database: This database offers a large range up-to-date employment statistics for international comparisons and trends over time.
  • OECD Health Statistics: This database provides data on the health status of the population including obesity (overweight, obese), suicide and life expectancy, health care financing, health care resources, social protection, health care utilisation, the pharmaceutical market, long-term care resources and utilisation, non-medical determinants of health, and expenditure on health. 
  • OECD Income Distribution database: This database provides comparable data on income, income inequality and poverty across OECD countries. 
  • OECD Social Expenditure database: This database includes reliable and internationally comparable statistics on public and (mandatory and voluntary) private social expenditure at the programme level. 
  • Family Database in the Asia-Pacific Region: This database, produced and hosted by the OECD KOREA Policy Centre, is based around the OECD Family Database framework and offers a range of data on families, family policies and children for nine Asia-Pacific countries and economies (Australia, China, Hong Kong (China), Japan, Korea, New Zealand, Singapore, Thailand, and Viet Nam).

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  • OECD Child Well-being Portal: This page provides a platform for conducting policy-oriented research on children, enhancing child well-being and promoting equal opportunities among children.

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For further information or to receive notifications when the database is updated, please contact [email protected].

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The structure of the Family database does not include indicators that cover issues related to the position (and care needs) of elderly family members (see pensionhealth or long-term care webpages).

EU flag This database has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union. The views expressed herein can in no way be taken to reflect the official opinion of the European Union.

† The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.

†† Footnote by Turkey:  The information in this document with reference to « Cyprus » relates to the southern part of the Island. There is no single authority representing both Turkish and Greek Cypriot people on the Island. Turkey recognizes the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). Until a lasting and equitable solution is found within the context of United Nations, Turkey shall preserve its position concerning the “Cyprus issue”.

†† Footnote by all the European Union Member States of the OECD and the European Union: The Republic of Cyprus is recognized by all members of the United Nations with the exception of Turkey. The information in this document relates to the area under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.