Last updated - September 2020
The Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters ("the Convention") was developed jointly by the OECD and the Council of Europe in 1988 and amended by Protocol in 2010. The Convention is the most comprehensive multilateral instrument available for all forms of tax co-operation to tackle tax evasion and avoidance.
The Convention facilitates international co-operation for a better operation of national tax laws, while respecting the fundamental rights of taxpayers. It provides for all possible forms of administrative co-operation between states in the assessment and collection of taxes. This co-operation ranges from exchange of information, including automatic exchanges, to the recovery of foreign tax claims.
Since 2009, the G20 has consistently encouraged countries to sign the Convention including most recently at the G20 summit in Buenos Aires in 2018 where the communique stated "All jurisdictions should sign and ratify the multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters."
141 jurisdictions currently participate in the Convention, including 17 jurisdictions covered by territorial extension. This represents a wide range of countries including all G20 countries, all BRIICS, all OECD countries, major financial centres and an increasing number of developing countries.
29/09/2020 - Ambassador Mustaq Moorad of Botswana signs the signs the Convention.
The co-ordinating body
In accordance with Article 24(3) and (4) of the Convention, the Co-ordinating Body is responsible for monitoring the implementation and development of the Convention, including:
The Co-ordinating Body is composed of representatives of the competent authorities of the Parties to the Convention and includes the competent authorities of territories to which the Convention applies. The Co-ordinating Body is led by the Chair and three Vice-Chairs. The current officers are:
The Co-ordinating Body is assisted in its tasks by the Secretariat of the OECD.
Process to become a party
MULTILATERAL COMPETENT AUTHORITY AGREEMENTS FOR THE AUTOMATIC EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION
The Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters (the "Convention"), by virtue of its Article 6, requires the Competent Authorities of the Parties to the Convention to mutually agree on the scope of the automatic exchange of information and the procedure to be complied with. Against that background, the Multilateral Competent Authority Agreement on the Exchange of CbC Reports (the "CbC MCAA"), for the automatic exchange of Country-by-Country Reports, and the Multilateral Competent Authority Agreement on Automatic Exchange of Financial Account Information (the "CRS MCAA"), for the automatic exchange of financial account information pursuant to the Common Reporting Standard, have been developed.
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