Lobbying in the 21st Century
Transparency, Integrity and Access
Lobbying, as a way to influence and inform governments, has been part of democracy
for at least two centuries, and remains a legitimate tool for influencing public policies.
However, it carries risks of undue influence. Lobbying in the 21st century has also
become increasingly complex, including new tools for influencing government, such
as social media, and a wide range of actors, such as NGOs, think tanks and foreign
governments. This report takes stock of the progress that countries have made in implementing
the OECD Principles for Transparency and Integrity in Lobbying. It reflects on new
challenges and risks related to the many ways special interest groups attempt to influence
public policies, and reviews tools adopted by governments to effectively safeguard
impartiality and fairness in the public decision-making process.
Published on May 20, 2021