Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
Decarbonising homes in cities in the Netherlands
A neighbourhood approach
About 90% of homes in the Netherlands depending on natural gas for heating, the Netherlands
has made a commitment to phase out natural gas by 2050. To achieve the goal, the Netherlands
has rolled out a natural gas-free pilot programme in 66 neighbourhoods. These neighbourhood
pilot projects enabled municipalities to learn what it takes to start energy transition.
Based on a city survey carried out across 26 local governments, key findings from
this report call on national and local governments joining up their efforts to take
This paper is the first case study applying the policy framework presented in the
OECD report Decarbonising Buildings in Cities and Regions published in March 2022.
The present case study provides a deep dive into the Netherlands’ experience to demonstrate
the potential of cities and regions to advance the decarbonisation of buildings.