Affordable Housing Database

OECD Affordable Housing Database

Many people are struggling to pay for a decent, affordable home. Households spend a larger share of their budgets on housing than almost anything else, and housing prices have increased dramatically in many OECD countries, especially for renters. Low-income households, youth, families with children, and seniors are finding good quality affordable housing increasingly out of reach.

The OECD Affordable Housing Database (AHD) helps countries monitor access to good-quality affordable housing and strengthen the knowledge base for policy evaluation. It brings together cross-national information from OECD countries, Key Partners and EU member states.

The database groups indicators along three dimensions: housing market, housing conditions and affordability, and public policies towards affordable housing. Each indicator presents data, relevant definitions and methodology, and key results. Indicators also discuss comparability, data issues, and, where relevant, include the raw data or descriptive information across countries.



Policy Actions for Affordable Housing in LatviaLatvian households spend, on average, less on housing than their OECD peers, but many are stuck in poor quality housing. Public support for housing is limited, with a large share of households who are too rich to be eligible for benefits and social housing, yet too poor to afford a commercial mortgage. The study highlights the need for Latvia to develop a long-term, well-resourced comprehensive housing strategy.

Read online | Executive Summary in Latvian | Launch PPT


Policy Brief on Affordable Housing: Better data and policies to fight homelessness in the OECDMore than 1.9 million people are homeless in the OECD and Brazil, and this is likely an underestimate. In recent years, homelessness has increased in about one-third of OECD countries, and declined in around a quarter of OECD countries. Moreover, the faces of homelessness are increasingly diverse, with growing rates of homeless women, families, youth and migrants in some countries. 

Indicators on the Housing Market

Click here to see our indicators on topics including housing stocks, house prices, housing tenures and living arrangements

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Indicators on Housing Conditions and Affordability

Click here to see our indicators on topics including housing expenditure, housing space and overcrowding, housing deprivation, and homelessness

Indicators on Policies for Affordable Housing

Click here to see our indicators on topics including support for home buyers, housing allowances, social rental housing, affordable housing programmes and rental market regulation


Further Reading

  • Whitehead, C. and P. Williams (2017), "Changes in the regulation and control of mortgage markets and access to owner-occupation among younger households", OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers, No. 196, OECD Publishing, Paris,
  • Salvi del Pero, A., et al. (2016), "Policies to promote access to good-quality affordable housing in OECD countries", OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers, No. 176, OECD Publishing, Paris,
  • Baptista, I. and E. Marlier (2019), Fighting homelessness and housing exclusion in Europe: A study of national policies, European Social Policy Network (ESPN), Brussels: European Commission,
  • Human European Consultancy, et al. (2016), Promoting protection of the right to housing – Homelessness prevention in the context of evictions, Brussels: European Commission,

See more OECD work on housing here.

Contact and notes

For further information, please contact: Follow us on Twitter using @OECD_Social

EU flag MigrationDev This database was produced with the financial assistance of the European Union Programme for Employment and Social Innovation "EaSI" (2014-2020).