International trade and balance of payments statistics

Trade by enterprise characteristics data



International trade statistics are among the most widely available and consulted data, and offer a picture of trade flows between countries, broken down by types of goods and services. However, such conventional international trade statistics do not offer insights into the actors who are actually engaged in cross-border trade.

The Trade by Enterprise Characteristics (TEC) database aims to fill this gap, and contains international annual trade in goods data broken down by different categories of enterprises. The data provide a solid basis for policy analyses that explore which types of firms are responsible for international trade in goods. It answers questions like who are the firms that are engaged in foreign markets, and what are their characteristics. Both the export and import values and the number of exporting and importing enterprises are available for 26 OECD and 6 non-OECD countries: including 28 EU member states plus Canada, Norway, Israel, Turkey and the United States.



Access the TEC database

The TEC database is organised in five different datasets 

The TEC data are collected in co-operation with Eurostat and directly from National Statistical Authorities. To create TEC data, NSOs have to attribute trade flows to enterprises with different characteristics by merging data on international trade (usually customs data) with business register information on enterprises at the individual enterprise level.  


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For any queries about the TEC database, please write to: [email protected]

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