Driven by a need to prepare for and recover from high consequence shocks on various social, information, and infrastructure systems, resilience has evolved as a concept dealing with how a complex system operates under stress. This is particularly relevant for the management of major risks. Resilience calls for a multidisciplinary approach, drawing on social sciences as well as natural science, and may lend itself to a variety of methodological approaches by which system resilience may be assessed. It has also been used as a concept to assess the capacity of economies and financial systems to withstand major shocks. 

Governments worldwide increasingly realise that the systemic threats afflicting modern societies, such as natural hazards, ageing population, and global migration, are compounded by their potential to disrupt interconnected cyber, information, societal, and infrastructural systems with lasting consequences. The OECD, Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (EC-JRC) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have agreed to work together in a co-operative effort to learn from each other, share resources, and complement each other's activities

Papers on Resilience

Smarter Competition, More Resilient Economies!Politeia (12 February 2021)

Combine resilience and efficiency in post-COVID societies, Nature (8 December 2020)

Resilient Financial Systems Can Soften the Next Global Financial Crisis

A Systemic Resilience Approach to Dealing with Covid-19 and Future Shocks

Bouncing forward: a resilience approach to dealing with COVID-19 and future systemic shocks, published in Environmental Systems and Decisions; National Institutes of Health Nature US National Library of Medicine Public Health Emergency Collection and WHO COVID-19 Global literature on Coronavirus Disease (25 May 2020) 

Resilience Strategies and Approaches to Contain Systemic Threats ιι Face aux menaces systémiques, des stratégies et des approches fondées sur la résilience
This paper defines concepts related to systemic threats and reviews the analytical and governance approaches and strategies to manage these threats and build resilience to contain them. It builds on the report Resilience Activities at the OECD: Current Practice and Future Directions and was discussed by OECD members and committees at the NAEC Group conference on Averting Systemic Collapse

Resilience at OECD: Current State and Future Directions. This paper (pdf), undertaken by staff at the US Army Corps of Engineers and the OECD NAEC Unit, outlines how OECD Directorates are working to build safeguards, buffers and resilience to physical, economic, social and evironmental shocks.

Resilience within OECD Directorates: State of the Practice and Future Needs (pdf), White Paper by Igor Linkov, Science Fellow, US OECD

Keynote Address by the Prime Minister of Japan, Mr. Shinzo Abe
Resilient Economies and Inclusive Societies – Empowering People for Jobs and Growth, OECD Ministerial Council Meeting, 6-7 May 2014

Resilience: Plan - Absorb - Recover - Adapt

  The Risk of Not Being Resilient

Igor Linkov, NAEC cross-directorate meeting
(24 November 2020)



When disaster strikes, podcast with Igor Linkov

Pandemics, flooding, cyber attack, wildfire. These are just some of the things that threaten our critical infrastructure and supply chains. We’ve engineered these for maximum efficiency and minimum risk. But what about resilience? Igor Linkov is the Risk and Decision Science Focus Area Lead at the US Army Engineer Research and Development Center and an Adjunct Professor of Engineering and Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University. He discusses how to design for systems failure.

Seminars and Workshops on Resilience

New Approaches to Economic Challenges (NAEC) seminar on intergovernmental resilience, 13 April 2018:

>> Linking different forms of resilience (pdf), Igor Linkov, Team Lead, US Army Engineer Research and Development Center, US Army Corps of Engineers

>> Resilience in flood risk management (pdf), Anna Serra-Llobet, Aix-Marseille Université, University of California, Berkeley

Presentation of work on fairness and resilience by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission, NAEC seminar, 23 October 2017:

>> Watch the webcast

>> What makes a fair society? Insights and evidence (pdf), Vladimir Sucha, Director General, JRC

>> JRC work on resilience (pdf), Francesca Campolongo, Head of the Finance and Economy Unit in the Growth and Innovation Directorate, European Commission

A technical-level meeting at the OECD, on 13 October 2017, aimed to reach consensus on a project plan to develop an Inter-governmental Approach to Resilience.

>> Agenda (pdf)

Resilience: State of Science and Practice within OECD, NAEC seminar, 12 June 2017

>> Watch the webcast

>> The risk of not being resilient (pdf), Igor Linkov, US OECD

USOECD Science Fellow Presents Analysis of OECD’s Work on Resilience