This case study presents the proposed reforms to political funding and election oversight in the Republic of Chile put forth by the administration of President Michelle Bachelet. It details the measures to increase public funding, ensure transparency in finances, and create effective sanctions for violations.
This database provides information on environmentally related taxes, fees and charges, tradable permit systems, deposit refund systems, environmentally motivated subsidies and voluntary approaches used in environmental policy in OECD member countries and a number of other countries. Developed in co-operation between the OECD and the European Environment Agency.
These ready-made tables and charts provide for snapshot of aid (Official Development Assistance) for all DAC Members as well as recipient countries and territories. Summary reports by regions (Africa, America, Asia, Europe, Oceania) and the world are also available.
Backed by strong economic growth Chile has made substantial progress in improving the quality of life of its citizens. Nonetheless, gaps in living standards vis-à-vis other OECD countries remain large and there are strong differences in well-being across the Chilean population. The government has introduced important steps to strengthen redistribution and improve equality of opportunities, including ambitious tax, labour and education reforms. But there is room to further improve the design of many policies to promote inclusiveness. Moreover, to sustain progress in well-being, Chile also needs faster productivity growth which stagnated until recently. This requires policies that foster competition, improve human capital accumulation and increase the diversification of the economy that still relies heavily on commodity exports.
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The tax burden in Chile declined by 0.2 percentage points from 20.0% to 19.8% in 2014. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.2 percentage points from 34.2% to 34.4%.
The issue that concerns us is this: "How to achieve development and how to keep on growing?" These are questions that have kept us very busy at the OECD during our 54 years in existence. Our motto, "better policies for better lives", condenses that aspiration.
It is a real pleasure to join you today in discussing one of the most important initiatives of the OECD, the "New Approaches to Economic Challenges" (NAEC). We undertook this initiative in response to the crisis, with the purpose of doing some soul-searching, learning from the past, and updating our analytical frameworks in order to address the present and, above all, the future.
Aunque el largo período de expansión económica que ha atravesado Chile ha mejorado los niveles de vida y reducido drásticamente la pobreza entre su población, aún queda mucho por hacer para asegurar que el país esté en condiciones de adentrarse en una senda de crecimiento más sólido, inclusivo y sostenible, según el último Estudio Económico de la OCDE sobre Chile.
Une longue période d’expansion économique a permis d’améliorer le niveau de vie et de réduire considérablement la pauvreté au Chili, mais il faut faire plus encore aujourd’hui pour que le pays se positionne sur une trajectoire de croissance plus solide, plus inclusive et plus durable, selon la toute dernière Étude économique du Chili de l’OCDE.
La longue période de croissance économique soutenue qu’a connu le Chili a eu pour effet d’améliorer le bien être de ses citoyens et de réduire spectaculairement la pauvreté.