Nature-based solutions for adapting to water-related climate risks
Healthy ecosystems, and their associated services, can provide effective natural protection
against water-related climate risks. Nature-based solutions (NbS) have recently gained
momentum in international policy discussions due to their potential to foster synergies
between ecosystem health and human wellbeing, while also offering economic benefits.
This paper provides an overview of the use of NbS to date in OECD countries and finds
that in most cases ambition for NbS does not match practice. Focusing on the application
of NbS for addressing climate-related flood and drought risks, this paper explores
why prevailing decision making frameworks may fail to adequately consider NbS. It
sets out a policy evaluation framework that supports the identification of, and proposed
ways to address constraints on the use of NbS to address water-related climate risks.
Published on July 29, 2020
In series:OECD Environment Policy Papersview more titles