OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Germany 2021
The OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts reviews of the individual
development co operation efforts of its members every five to six years. DAC peer
reviews critically examine the overall performance of a given member covering its
policy, programmes and systems. They take an integrated, system wide perspective on
the development co operation activities of the member under review and its approach
to fragility, crisis and humanitarian assistance.
This peer review shows that Germany invests in fair and sustainable globalisation
and a rules-based multilateral order. It provided 0.73% of its national income as
official development assistance in 2020. The country is adjusting its engagement with
Africa and reforming the way it delivers development co-operation. Germany could be
more systematic in analysing and addressing the spill-over effects of its policies
on developing countries. German development co-operation would benefit from a clearer
vision and greater investment in gender equality and leaving no one behind, and embedding
a culture of results. Its clear vision and comprehensive approach to crises would
benefit from better defining short and long-term engagements.
Published on June 09, 2021Also available in: German
A good practice excerpt from the peer review: Germany’s refocusing on Africa
Germany initiated the Compact with Africa initiative during its G20 presidency in 2017 to promote private investment in Africa. Twelve countries have since joined the initiative.
In 2018, the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) launched its Marshall Plan with Africa comprising a policy priority on job creation and reform partnerships. Currently entered into with six African countries, these partnerships aim to focus on joint sustainable economic co-operation, moving away from the concept of donor and recipient countries.
In 2019, the Federal Government, under the leadership of the Foreign Office developed Africa policy guidelines to ensure coherence among the different German federal ministry initiatives. Pro! Africa is one such initiative of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy to promote foreign trade and investment for Africa. Germany also set up a new development investment fund with a focus on Compact with Africa countries, to be provided with up to EUR 1 billion by the end of 2021.
The refocusing on Africa has led to a considerable and welcome increase in ODA to the continent.