Social challenges

Women spend more time on domestic work


Gender discrimination in social norms: Women are often expected to undertake the majority of unpaid care and domestic work, limiting time available for education, training, or paid employment. This came into stark relief during the COVID-19 pandemic, when mitigation measures placed an unequal burden on women's domestic and unpaid care work. Discriminatory social norms and gender stereotypes limit women’s professional agency. According to the SIGI 2023, half of the population globally (or 56%) thinks that when a mother works for pay, her children suffer.

See also: Gender discrimination in social norms: Measuring the invisible