Inclusive growth and resilience in Bilbao, Spain
Before the pandemic hit, the city of Bilbao had the highest economic growth in Spain
from 2000 to 2018, driven by a shift from heavy industry to a service-based economy.
It also benefitted from a burgeoning tourism and culture sector, thanks to developments
such as the Guggenheim Museum in 1998. Plagued with high unemployment in the late
90s, unemployment started to drop until 2008. However, such promising trends were
unable to shield the city from the 2008 global financial and later COVID-19 crisis.
This study assesses inequality in Bilbao and how the COVID-19 pandemic and the city’s
response and recovery measures have affected its inclusive growth agenda. It also
examines how Bilbao’s approach to deploying a smart city strategy and localising the
SDGs contributes to the city’s overall resilience and inclusive growth objectives.
Published on June 27, 2022
In series:OECD Regional Development Papersview more titles