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Publications & Documents


  • 28-June-2024

    English

    Recruiting Immigrant Workers: Japan 2024

    Japan has historically been among the OECD countries with the lowest migration flows relative to its population. However, the situation has changed significantly in the past few years. To counteract the impact of rapid population ageing on the labour market, Japan has introduced major policy changes in the governance of recruitment from abroad. This review examines the role of labour migration policy in the specific context of Japan and identifies policy directions for the future. Covering labour migration at all skill levels, the review assesses how the long-standing migration channels for international students and high-skilled migrants fare in attracting and retaining international talent. It also reviews the main channels for low to medium skill trades, including the recently introduced Specified Skilled Worker Programme.
  • 20-June-2024

    English

    Rural Proofing - Lessons from OECD countries and potential application to health

    Improving rural development, well-being and maximising the potential in rural areas requires greater horizontal and vertical co-ordination at the national, regional, and local level as well as the mainstreaming of rural issues across all policies. However, taking an integrated approach to rural development - where rural ministries and non-rural ministries coordinate in the development of polices and initiatives - is often very challenging. Rural proofing is a tool to help policy makers overcome this challenge and develop more nuanced rural-friendly policies. It involves making policy decisions based on evidence on rural dynamics available in a timely fashion to enable changes and adjustments. In practice, however, it is a mechanism that has proved complex to design, implement, and sustain. This article explores how more robust rural proofing models can be developed, with health as a focal point. Drawing on lessons from different OECD member countries, it develops a roadmap for more effective rural proofing mechanisms to help embed the practice in the policy space and culture of governments.
  • 20-June-2024

    Japanese, PDF, 230kb

    Society at a Glance 2024 - 他国と比べた日本の状況は?

    This country note compares Japan to the OECD average across various social indicators, drawing on data from Society at a Glance 2024. 出生動向についての章に関する指標とその他の社会指標の選択

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  • 20-June-2024

    English, PDF, 159kb

    Society at a Glance 2024 - How does Japan compare?

    This country note compares Japan to the OECD average across various social indicators, drawing on data from Society at a Glance 2024. As the special chapter in this edition is on fertility trends, the note highlights relevant indicators such as total fertility rates, the mean age of mothers at childbirth, the proportion of young people living with their parents, as well as public spending on family benefits.

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  • 9-April-2024

    English

    Compendium of Good Practices on Quality Infrastructure 2024 - Building Resilience to Natural Disasters

    In an era defined by the urgent climate crisis, unpredictable weather patterns and increasingly frequent natural disasters, ensuring infrastructure resilience to such events is paramount. This report discusses ways of enhancing government capacities to prevent, react and rebuild, thereby minimising the impact of natural disasters on infrastructure assets and operations. It identifies data, collaboration and technologies as drivers of resilience, and highlights financial resources, technical skills and regulatory frameworks as key enablers. The report presents seven actionable principles to ensure infrastructure resilience, drawing from global good practices and in-depth analyses of infrastructure projects in Colombia, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Japan, Mozambique and the United States.
  • 30-January-2024

    English

    Asia-Pacific Competition Update: OECD/Korea Policy Centre newsletter

    This newsletter contains information about work on competition law and policy in the Asia-Pacific region that is taking place within the framework of the OECD-Korea Policy Centre Competition Programme.

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  • 11-janvier-2024

    Français

    Le Japon doit reconstituer des marges de manœuvre budgétaires, prendre des mesures face au vieillissement de sa population et relancer la croissance de la productivité

    L’économie japonaise s’est redressée après la pandémie de COVID-19, mais elle est confrontée à de nouveaux enjeux qui tiennent à la faiblesse des perspectives du commerce mondial. L’action publique devrait désormais viser en priorité à garantir la stabilité budgétaire, à stimuler la croissance de la productivité et à réagir aux conséquences économiques et sociales du vieillissement rapide de la population.

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  • 4-December-2023

    English

    Multi-level governance and subnational finance in Asia and the Pacific

    Subnational governments in Asia and the Pacific are key providers of the public services and infrastructure required to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. Given this role, it is essential that policymakers and development partners understand and support the effective functioning of multi-level governance structures and subnational government finances across the region. This joint OECD-ADB report provides a comprehensive overview of subnational governments across Asia and the Pacific. It covers over 467,000 subnational governments from 26 countries, which represent 53% of the world’s population and 40% of global GDP. On average in 2020, subnational governments in the region accounted for 29% of total public expenditure (8.8% of GDP), 35% of total public revenue (8.5% of GDP) and 38% of public investment (2% of GDP). Harnessing unique data from the 3rd edition of the OECD-UCLG World Observatory on Subnational Government Finance and Investment, the analysis highlights how decentralisation and territorial reforms have reconfigured the structures and finances of subnational governments in the region. It covers a range of topics including fiscal rules, financial management capacity, priority-based budgeting, asset management and the use of public-private partnerships.
  • 7-November-2023

    English, PDF, 152kb

    Health at a Glance 2023: Key findings for Japan

    Health at a Glance provides the latest comparable data and trends on population health and health system performance. This Country Note shows how Japan compares to other OECD countries across indicators in the report.

  • 14-September-2023

    Japanese, PDF, 888kb

    薬剤耐性(AMR)対策に向けたワンヘルスの 枠組みの採用 - 日本

    薬剤耐性(AMR)(病原菌が抗菌薬に抵抗する能力)は、20世紀における多くの公衆衛生上の進歩を 危険にさらすグローバルヘルスにおける憂慮すべき重大な危機であり続けています。近年、日本はAMR対策の重要な進歩を遂げた。しかし、更なる取組が必要である。

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