English, PDF, 346kb
Between 1999 and 2014, the number of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Japan dropped by 21% as a result of the retirement of ageing business owners and weak entrepreneurial intentions in the Japanese population.
English, PDF, 343kb
Facilitating female employment is particularly important given Japan’s shrinking and ageing population, which has already contributed to labour shortages.
English, PDF, 347kb
To improve productivity and help address socio-economic challenges, such as ageing, Japan needs to strengthen its innovation performance.
These country specific notes provide figures and commentary from the Taxation and Skills publication that examines how tax policy can encourage skills development in OECD countries.
English, PDF, 1,173kb
This country note presents student performance in science, reading and mathematics, and measures equity in education in Japan.
This publication provides detailed country notes on Value Added Tax/Goods and Services Tax (VAT/GST) and excise duty rates in OECD member countries.
This annual publication presents detailed country notes and internationally comparable tax data for all OECD countries from 1965 onwards.