The OECD Paris Collaborative on Green Budgeting was launched at the One Planet Summit in Paris on 12 December 2017. It aims to design new, innovative tools to assess and drive improvements in the alignment of national expenditure and revenue processes with climate and other environmental goals. This is a crucial step in achieving a central objective of the Paris Agreement on climate change as well as of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals – aligning national policy frameworks and financial flows on a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and environmentally sustainable development.
Environmentally responsive or green budgeting means using the tools of budgetary policy-making to help achieve environmental goals. This includes evaluating environmental impacts of budgetary and fiscal policies and assessing their coherence towards the delivery of national and international commitments. Green Budgeting can also contribute to informed, evidence-based debate and discussion on sustainable growth.
One of the most important tools that policy makers have at their disposal for resourcing and implementing their national policies on environmental goals is budget and fiscal policy. Incorporating environmental dimensions into fiscal frameworks, including the annual and multiannual budget documents, evaluation of tax and expenditure policies and long-term sustainability analysis, will help governments to become more accountable for their environmental commitments and support them in transforming towards sustainable and resilient societies.
Green Budgeting will support governments in achieving their national and international environmental goals by:
The OECD Paris Collaborative for Green Budgeting is working in close partnership with governments and experts to co-design practical and pragmatic approaches. It provides a co-ordinating platform for:
It brings together international work-streams on environmental policy and climate change, budgeting and tax policy, green accounting and inclusive sustainable growth. It will work towards agreed definitions and methodologies that can support national approaches to green budgeting and develop outputs that can improve co-ordinated national and international policy design. It seeks to build upon and support established international reporting practices rather than to develop duplicative approaches.
The OECD Paris Collaborative for Green Budgeting seeks close partnership with governments around the OECD and beyond to co-design practical and pragmatic approaches to put Green Budgeting into action. In practice, this will involve close consultation with national Finance and Environmental experts to develop new tools and methodologies that are sensible and effective.
Governments can participate by:
The OECD International Programme for Action on Climate (IPAC) supports country progress towards net-zero greenhouse gas emissions and a more resilient economy by 2050. Through regular monitoring, policy evaluation and feedback on results and good practices, IPAC helps countries strengthen and co-ordinate their climate action – complementing and supporting the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement monitoring frameworks.Learn More