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Économie de la Chine en un coup d’œil

Perspectives économiques (mai 2021)

La reprise économique a été rapide et la croissance atteindra 8.5 % cette année puis 5.8 % en 2022, si la situation sanitaire reste sous contrôle. L’investissement demeurera un moteur essentiel de la croissance, tandis que la consommation ne se redressera que progressivement. Du fait du dynamisme de la demande d’exportations, le taux d’utilisation des capacités industrielles restera élevé. En raison de la faiblesse du contenu en importations de la consommation, l’envolée des cours des matières premières importées n’aura qu’un impact limité sur l’inflation mesurée par les prix à la consommation.

Priorités de réforme (avril 2021)

Going for Growth 2021 - China

The pandemic highlighted weaknesses in the health and social security systems and pushed many households and firms to the brink of bankruptcy. It further widened inequalities between: (i) central provinces and the coast; (ii) already indebted poor households and wealthier ones and (iii) the private sector, with limited access to infrastructure contracts and hardly hit by slackened demand, and the state-owned sector. Such divides need to be addressed to make growth inclusive and sustainable.

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2021 Structural Reform Priorities

  • Health care: Reduce the share of out-of-pocket payments of healthcare costs to limit the burden on the poor
  • Labour market: Facilitate labour mobility and improve skills provision to foster reallocation
  • Competition and regulation: Strike a better balance between liberalisation and regulation in financial markets and level the playing field
  • Governance and rule of law: Combat non-compliance with laws and regulations
  • Environmental policy: Increase ambition and enforcement of environmental policies

 

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Economic Survey of China (April 2019)

Executive Summary

 

概览

 

Presentation

 

站在十字路口的中国经济