OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Estonia 2017

In series:OECD Environmental Performance Reviewsview more titles

Published on March 01, 2017

Also available in: French

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews provide independent assessments of countries’ progress towards their environmental policy objectives. Reviews promote peer learning, enhance government accountability, and provide targeted recommendations aimed at improving environmental performance, individually and collectively. They are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data, and evidence-based analysis. Each cycle of Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD countries and selected partner economies. The most recent reviews include Chile and France (2016).This report is the first Environmental Performance Review of Estonia. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on waste and materials management, and mining and the environment.


Reader's guide
Abbreviations and acronyms
Basic statistics of Estonia
Executive summary
Assessment and recommendations
Progress towards sustainable development3 chapters available
Key environmental trends
Environmental governance and management
Green growth
Progress towards selected environmental objectives2 chapters available
Waste and materials management
Mining and the environment
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press release

Estonia should reduce its oil shale reliance for greener growth

“Reducing its dependence on oil shale is Estonia’s number one economic, environmental and social challenge, and it cannot afford to wait until the shale runs dry to make a start,” said OECD Environment Director Simon Upton, presenting the Review in Tallinn. “For the sake of its economy and for the health and wellbeing of its people, Estonia needs to find a way today to get onto a green growth path.”

The OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Estonia recommends working to improve energy efficiency, buying more clean energy from the European grid, and stepping up investment in renewable energy sources. Estonia’s attachment to oil shale mining for energy generation means it has the most carbon intensive economy in the OECD and the third most energy intensive. 

Read the full press release

Media round-up


OECD: Keskkonnasõbralikuma majanduse saavutamiseks tuleb Eestil vähendada sõltuvust põlevkivist

“Põlevkivist sõltuvuse vähendamine on Eesti number üks majanduslik, keskkonnaalane ja sotsiaalne proovikivi ning riik ei saa oodata tegevusetult põlevkivivarude ammendumist,” lausus OECD keskkonnadirektor Simon Upton raporti tutvustusel Tallinnas. “Riigi majanduse ning inimeste tervise ja heaolu nimel peab Eesti leidma viisi oma majanduse rohelisele teele suunamiseks täna.”

OECD esimene Eestit käsitlev keskkonnatoime aruanne soovitab  teha tööd energiatõhususe parandamiseks, osta senisest enam puhast energiat Euroopa elektriturult ning suurendada taastuvenergiaallikatesse tehtavaid investeeringuid. Põlevkivi kaevandamise tõttu elektrienergia tootmiseks on Eesti majandus OECD riikide võrdluses kõige süsinikumahukam ning energiamahukuselt kolmas riik.

Täielik pressiteade


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