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Europe has been beset by an interrelated banking crisis and sovereign debt crisis. Bond spreads faced by Greece and Ireland, and to a lesser extent Portugal followed by Spain, have increased. This paper explores these issues from the perspective of financial markets, focusing mainly on the four countries in the frontline of these pressures: Greece and Portugal, on the one hand, where the problems are primarily fiscal in nature; and
The limits for extraction of natural resources have largely been reached and climate change is expected to continue lowering natural water endowments markedly in future especially in dry areas of the country
OECD Secretary- General Angel Gurría has welcomed the pension reform plan announced by the Spanish government.
The unique OECD peer review process has helped improve public policy. It assesses how countries manage the design, adoption and enforcement of regulations according to a conceptual framework. It ensures comparability while taking account of institutional and cultural differences across countries.
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Reviews of Higher Education in Regional and City Development are the OECD’s vehicle to mobilise higher education for economic, social and cultural development of cities and regions.
Este informe tiene como objetivo analizar la capacidad de Andalucía para apoyar la iniciativa empresarial y el desarrollo de las pymes.
Plan Avanza, Spain’s national Information Society strategy, has helped it into the knowledge economy. This book identifies areas on which Spain should continue work.
Andalusia has experienced remarkable growth over the last decades, only halted by the recent economic crisis. The challenge today is to renew as the "prodigious decade" of Andalusia development, which will require endogenous development through entrepreneurship and SME growth.
By putting a price on pollution, do environmentally related taxes spur innovation? Does the design of the tax play a critical role? What is the effect of this innovation? In analysing these questions, the report draws on case studies that cover Japan, Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Israel and others. It also covers a wide set of environmental issues and technologies, as well as the economic and policy contexts.
Given the structural changes that have occurred in the global economy over the past twenty years, we should rethink the architecture of international co-operation, said Angel Gurría. He added that the multilateral system of the future needs to be more inclusive and should also reach out more effectively to non state actors: notably civil society and the private sector.