Working Papers


  • 24-July-2014

    English

    Workplace stress in the United States: issues and policies

    Despite relative affluence, workplace stress is a prominent feature of the US labour market. To the extent that job stress causes poor health outcomes – either directly through increased blood ressure, fatigue, muscle pain, etc. or indirectly through increased rates of cigarette smoking – policy to lessen job stress may be appropriate.

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  • 24-July-2014

    English

    Improving well-being in the United States

    Life is quite good in the United States compared to other OECD countries, thanks to strong economic growth and technological progress having lifted average income to high levels. Nonetheless, there is evidence that the benefits from growth have not been sufficiently broad based.

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  • 21-July-2014

    English

    Changes in Family Policies and Outcomes: Is there Convergence? (OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers No. 157)

    This paper presents new information on trends in family and child outcomes and policies over the past decades, in order to assess whether there has been any convergence over time across OECD and EU countries. Important drivers of population structure such as life expectancy and fertility rates are becoming more similar across countries as are marriage and divorce rates.

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  • 17-July-2014

    English

    The demand for skills 1995-2008: a global supply chain perspective

    Demand for jobs, characterized by skill type and industry of employment, is driven by changes in technology, trade and consumption. Using structural decomposition analysis, we study the relative importance of these drivers for the period 1995-2008.

  • 17-July-2014

    English

    International migration: the relationship with economic and policy factors in the home and destination country

    Unfavourable demographic trends in many OECD countries threaten the sustainability of potential labour resources, GDP growth and fiscal positions. One factor that is expected to mitigate these trends is continued inflows of migrant workers from low income economies.

  • 17-July-2014

    English

    Women’s role in the Swiss economy

    Swiss women are now as well educated as their male counterparts. However, progress remains to be made in the job market where both the supply and price of female labour are below that of men.

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  • 17-July-2014

    English

    Overcoming skills shortages in Canada

    Skills shortages have developed in certain fields and regions in recent years. Earnings premiums for people in some professions, notably health, engineering and skilled trades have increased.

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  • 15-July-2014

    English

    Vulnerability of social institutions: lessons from the recent crisis and historical episodes

    The recent economic crisis has provided a stress test for the vulnerability of social institutions. This paper assesses the vulnerability of social institutions in light of the current crisis, and surveys past episodes, when social institutions faced similar challenges.

  • 15-July-2014

    English

    Overcoming vulnerabilities of pension systems

    Demographic developments are unfavourable for the financing of pension schemes in most OECD countries, implying continued growth in pension expenditure in virtually all OECD countries. This paper examines the vulnerability of pension systems, with an emphasis on financial sustainability and adequacy.

  • 15-July-2014

    English

    Overcoming vulnerabilities of unemployment insurance schemes

    Unemployment insurance is a key tool for risk sharing and redistribution and also a prominent automatic stabiliser. It is a volatile spending item by design, which can lead to vulnerabilities. This paper explores various shocks and sources of vulnerability of the unemployment insurance schemes of OECD and BRIICS countries.

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