Innovation in science, technology and industry

Global Science Forum reports


Research Co-operation between Developed and Developing Countries in the Area of Climate Change Adaptation and Biodiversity
3 July 2014
Global challenges, such as climate change and biodiversity loss, have increasingly become the subject of international policy deliberations. It is widely recognised that strong and effective international co-operation is required to address these issues. Co-operation in science and technology between developed and developing countries is considered to be of particular importance. 


The Impacts of Large Research Infrastructures on Economic Innovation and on Society: Case Studies at CERN
This report examines some of the economic and societal impacts of one of the largest global international research facilities: the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN). By focusing on selected case studies, the report aims to shed light on generic questions that could be applicable more broadly to international research infrastructures.


International Distributed Research Infrastructures
This report presents findings and analyses regarding formal status, governance, establishment, funding, access and other issues. It is the result of a survey of existing infrastructures, followed by discussions among infrastructure practitioners: researchers, facility administrators, officials of ministries and funding agencies.


New Data for Understanding the Human Condition: International Perspectives
Global Science Forum report on data and research infrastructure for the social sciences.


OECD Recommendation on the Governance of Clinical Trials
The OECD has issued a Recommendation to its members on the Governance of Clinical Trials, a major initiative for facilitating medical research and improving public health. This Recommendation is the result of extensive work of the OECD Global Science Forum on the hurdles encountered by the clinical research community in setting up international clinical trials.


Global Modelling of Natural Hazard Risks: Enhancing Existing Capabilities to Address New Challenges
This report analyses existing gaps in data, knowledge and practices in the field of risk assessment for large and complex disasters. It proposes a series of policy recommendations aimed at improving international co-operation in two major areas: (i) assessing and modelling the risk of large-scale domino/cascading effects caused by natural hazards interacting with technological risks; and (ii) developing international standards, methodologies and tools for use at the local level, enabling consistency and interoperability of data and models.


Facilitating International Co-operation in Non-Commercial Clinical Trials
This report identifies the hurdles encountered by the clinical research community in setting up international clinical trials and proposes a series of policy recommendations aimed at overcoming main challenges.


Effective Modelling of Urban Systems to Address the Challenges of Climate Change and Sustainability
This report identifies the existing tools and strategies for urban modelling and their current limitations, and proposes a series of policy recommendations aimed at improving the effectiveness and use of urban models.


Opportunities, Challenges and Good Practices in International Research Co-operation between Developed and Developing Countries
This report describes issues and options that deserve the attention of scientists and administrators, in both industrialised and developing countries, as they seek to design, initiate and manage collaborative research programmes and projects that include both scientific and development goals.


Report of the Working Group on Astroparticle Physics
This report sets out a strategic vision of the future of the field, reflecting the perspectives of agency officials, laboratory administrators, and scientists. It incorporates considerations of cost, schedule, human resources, benefits to society, and the prospects for international co-operation.


Large Research Infrastructures
This document contains both the report on Roadmapping of Large Research Infrastructures (2008) and the report on Establishing Large International Research Infrastructures: Issues and Options (2010). 


Establishing Large International Research Infrastructures: Issues and Options
Intended for scientists and research administrators who are contemplating a major new international project, this report addresses a wide spectrum of practical matters, from the formal aspects of legal agreements to less easily codified “lessons learned and good practices”.

Related documents:

Report on Roadmapping of Large Research Infrastructures (English)

A compendium of research infrastructure roadmaps and of the international dimensions of infrastructures (English)


Applications of Complexity Science for Public Policy: New Tools for Finding Unanticipated Consequences and Unrealised Opportunities
This report explores the concepts and methods that characterise complexity science and the implications of complexity science for public policy.


Improving the Dialogue with Society on Scientific Issues
This report provides practical recommendations for facilitating an efficacious dialogue with society on scientific issues.


Practical Guide for Investigating Research Misconduct Allegations in International Collaborative Research Projects
This short guide provides practical recommendations and tools to help in the investigation of possible cases of research misconduct in international research collaborations.


Facilitating International Research Misconduct Investigations
This report provides practical recommendations and tools to help in the investigation of possible cases of research misconduct in international research collaborations.


Mechanisms for Promoting Mathematics in Industry
This report provides practical reference regarding the options available to those (in industry, academia, or government) who wish to strengthen links between academic mathematics and industry.


Policy Issues Related to Scientific Research Collections
This report presents the findings and recommendations from two workshops, held in the Netherlands and the United States in 2007 and 2008, regarding the maintenance, utilisation and international co-ordination of scientific research collections.


Roadmapping of Large Research Infrastructures
This report is based on an examination of some 20 roadmaps. It focuses on the process through which they were prepared, and identifies key considerations and good practices that deserve the attention of anyone contemplating the undertaking of a new roadmapping exercise.


Encouraging Student Interest in Science and Technology Studies
This report examines overall trends in higher education enrolments and the evolution of S&T compared with other disciplines. The results suggest that although absolute numbers of S&T students have been rising as access to higher levels of education expands in OECD economies, the relative share of S&T students among the overall student population has been falling.

Also available:

       Encourager l’intérêt des étudiants pour les études en science et technologie (French)


Mathematics in Industry
This report contains findings emphasising the significant (and largely unrealised) potential of applying advanced mathematics to modern industrial problems. Mechanisms of proven efficacy are described, for implementation by universities, institutes, companies and government agencies.


Report of the Working Group on Nuclear Physics
The Working Group on Nuclear Physics was established to analyse the plans for nuclear physics in the various countries and regions, the mechanisms and rationales that underlie priorities and strategies, and the needs and opportunities for enhanced international collaboration and co-ordination.


International Polar Year (IPY) report
This survey examines the planning and initiation of the IPY as a role model for International Years in general. It is envisaged that further work will deal with the execution and outcomes of the ‘Year’.


Report from the Workshop on Best Practices for Ensuring Scientific Integrity and Preventing Misconduct
The goal of the workshop was to deepen the understanding of the underlying phenomena, identify the range of possible solutions and, based on experience, enumerate the pros and cons of various practical measures, lessons learned and good practices. This report summarises the deliberations that took place during the workshop.


Report from the Conference on Scientific Challenges for Energy Research
The GSF Conference on Scientific Challenges for Energy Research was held on 17-18 May 2006 at the French Ministry of Research in Paris. It brought together 180 technical and policy experts from 28 countries.

Also available:

       Rapport sur la conférence des défis scientifiques de la recherche énergétique (French)


Report from the Workshop on Earthquake Science
The workshop explored the opportunities for new and/or enhanced international co-operation in the field of earthquake sciences in connection to their contribution to society.  It was held in Potsdam, Germany on 1-2 June 2006. 


Summary of the Workshop on Science of Science Policy
The goal of this workshop was to strengthen the links between real-life, high-level science policy decisions and quantitative/analytical as well as qualitative models of the social and economic impacts of research and development (R&D) investments.

Also available:

Atelier sur l'étude de la politique scientifique: Améliorer notre compréhension des investissements scientifiques publics(French)


Report from the Workshop on Science and Technology for a Safer Society
Modern societies are exposed to numerous natural and man-made hazards, and governments are keenly motivated to reduce the resulting harm to the lowest levels.


Evolution of Student Interest in Science and Technology Studies
Are student enrolments in Science and Technology studies really going down? What are the factors that affect students’ choices? What are the mechanisms that can be implemented to influence such choices?

Also available:

      Rapport d'orientation sur l'évolution de l'intérêt des jeunes pour les études scientifiques et technologiques (French)


Grids and Basic Research Programmes
Final consensus report from the workshop held in Sydney, Australia on 25-27 September 2005.


Template for Establishing, Funding, and Managing an International Scientific Research Project Based on an Agreement Between Governments or Institutions
This paper describes a template for establishing and managing international collaborative research, based on an agreement by governments, governmental institutions, or other organisations. 


Report from the Workshop on Management Practices for Establishing Large International Scientific Research Projects
Convened in October 2004, the workshop gathered laboratory administrators and funding agency officials.


Report from the Workshops on Future Large-Scale Projects and Programmes in Astronomy and Astrophysics
Attended by prominent scientists and programme managers from scientific funding agencies of seventeen OECD member and non-member countries, these two workshops explored the challenges and opportunities of a new international era of research in astronomy.  The final consensus report from the workshops is an 18-page document that contains findings and recommendations for actions by governments and scientific organisations. 


Report of the Task Force on Radio Astronomy and the Radio Spectrum
Radio astronomers wish to conduct observations across the entire radio spectrum, not just within the confines of the narrow frequency bands allocated to them by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).


Report from the Workshop on Best Practices in International Scientific Co-operation
Establishing, funding and conducting large-scale international research collaborations are complex tasks, involving scientists, research institutes, funding bodies, and various governmental and intergovernmental organisations.


How a Near-Earth Object Impact Might Affect Society
Report commissioned by the GSF for the Workshop on Near Earth Objects: Risks, Policies, and Actions held in Frascati, Italy in January 2003.


Workshop on Near Earth Objects: Risks, Policies and Actions - Final Report
20-22-Jan-2003, Frascati, Italy
This report summarises the Global Science Forum’s contribution to the dialog between scientists and policymakers regarding an appropriate response to the threat to lives and property of an impact by an asteroid or comet.  A series of practical steps are recommended.


Report of the Neuroinformatics Working Group
The human brain is by far the most complex system known to man, and understanding it is a major scientific challenge for the 21st century. This fascinating task is made urgent by the potential for practical applications.


Unofficial introductory paper on high-energy physics
High-energy physics seeks to answer basic questions: what is our world made of and how does it work?


Report of the Consultative Group on High-Energy Physics
The GSF established the Consultative Group on High-Energy Physics in June 2000.


Workshop on Large Facilities for Studying the Structure and Dynamics of Matter
This report contains the principal findings and conclusions of the workshop held in Copenhagen on 20-21 September 2001.


Compact High-Intensity Short-Pulse Lasers
Final report of the Workshop on Compact High-Intensity Short-Pulse Lasers: Future Directions and Applications, held at the JAERI Kansai Research Establishment in Kyoto, Japan on 28-30 May 2001 (lead country: Japan).


Proton Beam Facilities
Final report of the Workshop on Strategic Policy Issues Concerning Future High-Intensity Proton Beam Facilities held in Paris on 25-26 September 2000 (lead countries: France and UK).


Structural Genomics
Final report of the Workshop on Structural Genomics held in Florence on 8-9 June 2000 (lead country: Italy).


Deep-Sea Neutrino Observatory
Final report of the OECD Megascience Forum Workshop on Deep-Sea Neutrino Observatory held in Taormina, Italy on 22-23 May 1997 (lead countries: Greece, Italy).


Biological Informatics
Final Report of the OECD Megascience Forum Working Group on Biological Informatics (lead country: United States).


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