Published on May 21, 2014
Also available in: French
|English||The Cost of Air Pollution (Summary in English)|
|Spanish||El costo de la contaminación atmosférica|
|German||Die Kosten der Luftverschmutzung|
|List of abbreviations|
|Defining the economic cost of health impacts|
|Reviewing the evidence on and calculating the cost of the health impacts of air pollution|
|Rethinking appraisals to mitigate the health impacts of air pollution from road transport|
AIR POLLUTION TAKING HEAVY TOLL
Air pollution has now become the biggest environmental cause of premature death, overtaking poor sanitation and a lack of clean drinking water. In most OECD countries, the death toll from heart and lung diseases caused by air pollution is much higher than the one from traffic accidents.
The OECD has estimated that people in its 34 Member countries would be willing to pay USD 1.7 trillion to avoid deaths caused by air pollution. Road transport is likely responsible for about half.
Air pollution in OECD countries has fallen in recent years, helped by tighter emission controls on vehicles, but it has increased in China and India as rapid growth in traffic has outpaced the adoption of tighter emission limits. The switch to more polluting diesel vehicles in many countries threatens to arrest the downward trend in emissions from road transport in OECD countries.
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