Environment in emerging and transition economies


  • Policy Manual for Eastern Partnership Countries: Creating Incentives for Greener Products

    The European Union’s Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine) struggle with environmental challenges related to the consumption and end-of-life management of many harmful products. This policy manual considers the potential use and implementation of four categories of product-related economic instruments to address some of these challenges: product taxes, tax differentiation based on environmental factors, deposit-refund systems and extended producer responsibility (EPR).

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  • Greening SMEs

    Improving the environmental performance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) through better environmental compliance and green business practices in the manufacturing and services sectors.

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  • Facilitating access to finance

    Promoting a transparent and effective use of public environmentally-related spending in EECCA, examining how public policies could be designed to better catalyse and leverage private flows to low-carbon, green investments.

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The OECD supports countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) to reconcile their environment and economic goals. This support has been provided within the framework of the Task Force for the Implementation of the Environmental Action Programme (the EAP Task Force) since the early 1990s. 

Task Force for the Implementation of the Environmental Action Programme (the EAP Task Force)

Greening economies in the EU Eastern Partnership countries

Water policy reforms in EECCA

Policies for green growth Strengthening water management 

Enabling more rapid shift towards greener, environmentally-oriented growth in the six countries of the EU Eastern Partnership.

EaP GREEN programme 

Supporting economically, financially and environmentally sound management of water resources, including adaptation to climate change in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia.

Partnership with the EU Water Initiative