Climate change

Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy

Published on July 03, 2015

book

This report produced in co-operation with the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Transport Forum (ITF) and the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) identifies the misalignments between climate change objectives and policy and regulatory frameworks across a range of policy domains (investment, taxation, innovation and skills, trade, and adaptation) and activities at the heart of climate policy (electricity, urban mobility and rural land use).

Outside of countries’ core climate policies, many of the regulatory features of today’s economies have been built around the availability of fossil fuels and without any regard for the greenhouse gas emissions stemming from human activities. This report makes a diagnosis of these contradictions and points to means of solving them to support a more effective transition of all countries to a low-carbon economy.

SUMMARIESavailable in 25 languages

English Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in English)
French Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in French) Aligner les politiques pour une économie bas-carbone
Spanish Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Spanish) Convergencia de políticas públicas para una economía con emisiones bajas de carbono
German Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in German) Abstimmung von Politikmaßnahmen für eine CO2-arme Wirtschaft
Japanese Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Japanese) 低炭素経済のための政策調整
Italian Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Italian) Allineamento delle politiche per un’economia a basso contenuto di carbonio.
Chinese Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Chinese) 调整政策,发展低碳经济
Czech Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Czech) Sladění politik pro nízkouhlíkové hospodářství
Danish Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Danish) Tilpasning af politikker for en lavemissionsøkonomi
Dutch Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Dutch) De beleidsbepalingen voor een koolstofarme economie uitlijnen
Estonian Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Estonian) Vähese CO2 heitega majandust kooskõlastavad määrused
Finnish Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Finnish) Toimintaohjelmien yhtenäinen linjaus vähähiilisen talouden hyväksi
Greek Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Greek) Ευθυγράμμιση των πολιτικών για την ανάπτυξη μίας οικονομίας χαμηλών εκπομπών άνθρακα
Hebrew Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Hebrew) Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy
Hungarian Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Hungarian) Politikák összehangolása az alacsony széndioxid-kibocsátású gazdaságért
Icelandic Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Icelandic) Samræming stefnumiða í átt að lágkoltvísýringshagkerfis
Korean Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Korean) 저탄소 경제를 위한 정책조화
Norwegian Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Norwegian) Politikktilpasning for en lavkarbonøkonomi
Polish Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Polish) Dostosowanie polityki do celów gospodarki niskoemisyjnej
Portuguese Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Portuguese) Políticas alinhadas para uma economia de baixo teor de carbono
Russian Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Russian) Выравнивание политики для экономики с низким содержанием углерода
Slovak Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Slovak) Zosúladenie politík pre nízkouhlíkové hospodárstvo
Slovene Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Slovenian) Usklajevanje politik za nizkoogljično gospodarstvo
Swedish Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Swedish) En mer sammanhållen politik för en koldioxidsnål ekonomi
Turkish Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy (Summary in Turkish) Düşük-Karbon Ekonomisine Yönelik Politikaların Uyumlaştırılması

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword and acknowledgements
Preface
Executive summary
Core climate policies and the case for policy alignment
Reforming cross-cutting policies5 chapters available
Scaling-up low-carbon investment and finance
Implementing climate-friendly taxation practices
Delivering innovation and skills for the low-carbon transition
Removing international trade barriers
Diagnosing misalignments for a more resilient future
Aligning policies in specific activities3 chapters available
Reframing investment signals and incentives in electricity
Opting for low-carbon urban mobility
Strengthening incentives for sustainable land use
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a SYNTHESIS

In May 2014, ministers and representatives of OECD member countries and the European Union gathered at the Ministerial Council Meeting invited the OECD to work with the International Energy Agency (IEA), the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) and the International Transport Forum (ITF) “to continue to support the UNFCCC [United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change] negotiations and to examine how to better align policies across different areas for a successful economic transition of all countries to sustainable low-carbon and climate-resilient economies and report to the 2015 OECD Ministerial Council Meeting.”

The report "Aligning Policies for a Low-Carbon Economy" responds to that request by identifying where existing policy and regulatory frameworks are at odds with climate policy, i.e. where existing policies may make climate policy less effective than it could be otherwise.

This is a synthesis of the four organisations’ initial diagnosis of where and how existing policy and regulatory frameworks may not be aligned with a low-carbon economy.

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