L'économie s'ajuste à la fin du boom minier. La prospérité à long terme passe par des politiques macroéconomiques et des réformes structurelles visant à garantir un rééquilibrage réussi de l'activité, de l'exploitation des ressources naturelles vers le reste de l'économie.
Les dirigeants des pays du G20 réunis au Sommet de Brisbane, en Australie, ont demandé à l’OCDE et au FMI de suivre les actions menées pour concrétiser leur engagement à stimuler la croissance économique et à créer des emplois.
Mr. Angel Gurría was in Brisbane to attend the G20 Leaders' Summit on 15-16 November. Prior to the Summit, the Secretary-General attended a G20 Finance Ministers Meeting, as well as L20 and B20 meetings.
The world economy is still suffering from the strains of the longest crisis of modern times, and nowhere is this more evident than in the high unemployment numbers. In this OECD Observer Roundtable, we asked a cross-section of ministers: “What actions are you taking to create more and better jobs in your economy?”
Each G20 presidency faces its own challenges. A presidency must respond to global economic conditions, it must build on previous work, and it must seize opportunities to progress with reforms where members can reach consensus.
Over the past few years we have witnessed some challenging times. When Australia took the reins of the G20 presidency nearly a year ago, the global economy was still recovering from one of the most severe recessions of modern times.
The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.
English, PDF, 430kb
According to a new OECD report, variation in rates of health care activity between geographic areas within a country may be a cause for concern. Wide variation suggests that whether or not patients receive a particular health service depends on the region where they live within a country.
Note par pays sur la situation sur le marché du travail, les salaires, la qualité de l'emploi.
English, PDF, 161kb
Unemployment in Australia rose to a 12-year high in July of 6.4% (seasonally adjusted). While the short-term impact of the global financial crisis had been comparatively modest, the unemployment rate has been increasing steadily over the past two years (by 1.2 percentage points since July 2012), driven by declines in mining investment and slower growth in China.