The United Nations (UN) Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were established in 2000-01 and consist of eight development objectives to be achieved by 2015. It is widely agreed that the MDGs have been effective in mobilising worldwide awareness, leveraging resources, guiding global development efforts and increasing accountability. It is also impressive how close the world will get to most of the MDGs by 2015. There is need, however, for a successor framework once the MDGs expire in 2015 to keep the momentum built to date. The OECD played a pivotal role in defining the MDGs. With two years to go, the OECD is increasing its efforts to support the achievement of the MDGs, and at the same time thinking about how it can help the UN in developing a new agenda and framework post-2015.
The OECD has a number of areas of expertise which could play an important role in shaping this post-2015 agenda and framework. In the overview brochure for this series, the OECD proposes eleven areas which would be of particular relevance.
The OECD welcomes the Panel’s call to lift all people out of absolute poverty. At the same time, it underlines the need to focus more attention on issues of inequality and inclusiveness. Any new global framework must aim at ensuring that globalization becomes a positive force for all.
In line with the HLP ‘s call for new and innovative approaches to financing global goals, the OECD-DAC is working to establish a comprehensive approach for monitoring and measuring development finance.
We also welcome the HLP’s two-level approach which proposes universal goals coupled with national targets. The OECD-DAC has been advocating for country leadership for many years and will continue to support the Global Partnership for Effective Development in ensuring inclusiveness and effectiveness in development cooperation.
With its 34 member countries and its long-standing expertise in setting and monitoring standards, the OECD stands ready to support this UN-led process towards equality, inclusiveness and sustainability.
This Report will be very relevant for the OECD as we move forward in our work on development.
Upcoming papers:Element 1, Paper 1 on poverty reduction
The OECD vision: Tools and outcomes for the post-2015 framework
In shaping the post-2015 era, the OECD initially proposes 11 elements organised into two categories: A) outcomes, including principles and underlying future goals; and B) tools for achieving existing and developing future goals (see below).
Beyond the Millennium Development Goals: Towards an OECD contribution to the post-2015 agenda
This overview paper outlines a preliminary proposal for a contribution to the post-2015 era which reflects the OECD mission of supporting governments in designing “better policies for better lives”. The proposal consisting of 11 elements intends to help provide a global, holistic, measurable and meaningful development framework. This proposal is not intended to be an exhaustive list of OECD contributions, but a draft list of ideas for where the OECD could best start to get involved. Read the full overview paper online | Beyond the Millenium Development Goals -Towards an OECD contribution to the post-2015 agenda (not compatible with Internet Explorer version 9)
Listen to a summary from one of the authors, Hildegard Lingnau.
Keeping the multiple dimensions of poverty at the heart of development
The global economic and poverty landscape has changed, and with it our understanding of what development and poverty are all about. As the United Nations and its partners shape a new global framework to take the place of the MDGs in 2015, they face the urgent challenge of keeping poverty at the heart of development.
The OECD's contribution on education to the post-2015 framework: PISA for development
The OECD supports the emerging consensus that post-2015 education goals should retain a focus on access and equity while emphasizing the quality of learning from early childhood through primary and secondary education. The OECD is well placed to contribute to the definition of learning goals and targets, based on the experience of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). More than 70 countries participate in PISA and a new initiative will seek to make it more relevant for developing countries. PISA could provide a means for all countries to measure progress towards national and international post-2015 education goals.
Listen to a summary from one of the authors, Michael Ward.
Gender equality and women’s rights in the post-2015 agenda: A foundation for sustainable development
The post-2015 framework presents a unique opportunity to build on the achievements of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), while also addressing the dimensions that lag behind. It is time to act now – to increase both the political will and the resources to achieve full and lasting gender equality, women’s empowerment and women’s rights. This paper reiterates the call for a post-2015 framework that retains a strong, standalone goal on gender equality and women’s empowerment, and integrates gender-specific targets and indicators in the other goals.
Strengthening National Statistical Systems to Monitor Global Goals
The new development framework that will replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) after 2015 will require a “data revolution”. PARIS21 (the Partnership in Statistics for Development in the 21st Century) offers a ready-made structure on which to found such a global partnership and begin co-ordinating a participatory debate on the data and capacity needed worldwide to rise to the challenge of monitoring the post-2015 development framework.
Listen to a summary from one of the authors, Johannes Jütting,Manager of the PARIS21 Secretariat within the OECD's Development Co-operation Directorate.
Policy coherence for inclusive and sustainable development
With the OECD Strategy on Development, the organisation and its members have taken an important step forward on how to approach policy coherence for development in a rapidly changing and more complex global context. The OECD can make full use of its multidisciplinary expertise, evidence-based approaches to policy making, and peer learning working methods. This will contribute to better informed policies and provide decision makers with the necessary tools and instruments for achieving greater policy coherence for development in the post-2015 development agenda and framework.
Listen to a summary from one of the authors, Ernesto Soria Morales.
Effective development co-operation: an important enabler in a post-2015 global development framework
The widely-endorsed Busan Partnership agreement (2011) offers helpful principles that could underpin the “how” of a post-2015 development framework. The Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation provides a broad political coalition of stakeholders to advocate for effective development partnerships, and drive progress in developing countries where it matters the most. The OECD is committed to supporting the Global Partnership. In addition to its role in monitoring progress, the OECD is well placed to share its tools and knowledge in other areas of relevance to the Partnership – for example, work on tax and development, effective institutions, and tackling illicit financial flows.