This report identifies effective strategies to tackle skills imbalances, based on five country-specific policy notes for France, Italy, Spain, South Africa and the United Kingdom. It provides a comparative assessment of practices and policies in the following areas: the collection and use of information on skill needs to foster a better alignment of skills acquisitions with labour market needs; the design of education and training systems and their responsiveness to changing skill needs; the re-training of unemployed individuals; and the improvement of skills use and skills matching in the labour market. The assessment is based on country visits, desk research and data analysis conducted by the OECD secretariat in the five countries reviewed. Examples of good practice from other countries are also discussed.
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The UK headline labour market indicators compare well with OECD averages. At the end of 2016, the UK unemployment rate stood at 4.8% against the OECD average of 6.2%, and the UK employment rate at 65.5% was more than 4 percentage points above the OECD average.
Notice biographique du représentant permanent du Royaume-Uni auprès de l'OCDE.
In a letter to British Prime Minister Theresa May, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría wrote today:
People of my generation grew up with a set of intuitive assumptions about human progress: hatred and prejudice would give way to reason, democracy would displace authoritarianism, and the economic good times would roll and roll.
Le Programme de recherche en collaboration (PRC) appelle aux candidatures pour l'octroi de bourses de recherche et le parrainage (financement) de conférences en 2018. Le PRC apporte son soutien aux travaux de recherche sur l'utilisation durable des ressources naturelles dans le domaine de l'agriculture, des forêts, des pêcheries et de la production alimentaire.
The tax burden on labour income is expressed by the tax wedge, which is a measure of the net tax burden on labour income borne by the employee and the employer.
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The United Kingdom had the 27th lowest tax wedge among the 35 OECD member countries in 2016. The country occupied the same position in 2015. The average single worker in the United Kingdom faced a tax wedge of 30.8% in 2016 compared with the OECD average of 36.0%.
These country specific notes provide figures and commentary from the Taxation and Skills publication that examines how tax policy can encourage skills development in OECD countries.
Au Royaume-Uni, la répression de la corruption transnationale s’est nettement accrue depuis 2012, notamment grâce à l’approche pragmatique et efficace adoptée par l’Office de répression des fraudes graves (Serious Fraud Office ou SFO) pour enquêter sur les affaires de corruption transnationale et les mener à leur terme.