This report examines the effects of recent economic growth in Viet Nam on social cohesion. It finds that recent rapid economic growth in Viet Nam has not resulted in an increase in overall inequality, but the level of inequality was already high. Growth was not particularly inclusive, benefiting most the middle class and the richest households, and favouring less households in the bottom 20th percentile. Income mobility was also high, and while a majority of households experienced upward income mobility, downward absolute income mobility affected one in five households. Economic growth was not particularly job rich with employment growth lagging behind economic expansion.
In particular, important challenges were identified in the area of education and skills policies relating to fast-changing labour market needs. Minimum wage policies had a small but positive effect on employment, but concerns were highlighted over partial coverage and weak compliance. Tax policy and specifically personal income tax had only a small impact on reducing inequality, but transfers from central to local governments produced an equalising effect, albeit with mixed results in terms of satisfaction with public services. Finally, social protection systems have been extended, but important coverage gaps remain among the poor and ethnic minority groups, and informality remains a key challenge for universal extension.
Viet Nam achieved sustained growth over the past decade accompanied by impressive progress in poverty reduction and the emergence of a large middle class, according to the latest OECD Development Centre’ Social Cohesion Policy Review of Viet Nam.
This review provides a quantitative and qualitative assessment of countries’ capacity in S&T and innovation. A regional synthesis highlights current performance and knowledge circulation, and country profiles describe the dynamics of national innovation systems and their relation to international knowledge flows, taking into account the wider framework conditions for innovation.
English, PDF, 1,782kb
SAEO 2013 Country Note Viet Nam
This page displays the full list of publications in the "cutting red tape" series
This overview of the management of risk due to livestock diseases focuses on government policies relating to livestock health systems and compensation scheme designs, and includes case studies of Australia, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, Netherlands and Viet Nam.
Skills and educational development for inclusive and sustainable growth are becoming significant drivers in OECD countries.
English, PDF, 1,481kb
This report is one of three reports commissioned by Sida to an independent team to review the development co-operation to countries in Asia, where Sweden is, or has, phased out. It summarises experiences and lessons of this co-operation. This evaluation provides an overview of the years between 1969 and 2011.
English, PDF, 1,481kb
This report is one of three reports commissioned by Sida to an independent team to review the development co-operation to countries in Asia, where Sweden is, or has, phased out. It summarises experiences and lessons of this co-operation.
Il faut moderniser d’urgence les systèmes de pension en Asie pour faire face au vieillissement rapide de la population des deux prochaines décennies et assurer aux travailleurs d’aujourd’hui des prestations de retraite qui soient pérennes et suffisantes à l'avenir, selon l’OCDE.