Regulators are proactive referees of the sectors they regulate, contributing to the delivery of essential public utilities for citizens. To fulfill this function, they need to be constantly alert, checking sectoral trends as well as assessing the impact of their decisions. However, while measuring regulators’ performance is essential, it is also challenging, from defininig what should be measured to attributing impacts to regulators' decisions. To address these challenges, the OECD has developed an innovative framework that looks at the institutions, processes and practices that help regulators assess their performance. The framework has been applied to Latvia's Public Utilities Commission, which is responsible for regulating energy, communications, water and waste. The review offers unique insights into the work of a multi-sector regulator, identifying the organisational features that allow lessons and experiences to be shared across sectors and contribute to good performance. It highlights the importance of clarifying the role and functions of the regulator and its relationship with other public institutions, setting long-term strategic objectives for the regulator's activities, and having the right regulatory tools with appropriate incentives for the efficient and effective provision of public utility services.
Cette page contient toutes les informations se rapportant à la mise en oeuvre de la Convention de l’OCDE sur la lutte contre la corruption en Lettonie.
Depuis son adhésion à la Convention anticorruption en 2014, la Lettonie a amélioré son dispositif législatif. Cependant, des mises en cause graves de personnels jusqu’à récemment, ainsi que des commentaires négatifs du gouvernement sur le KNAB, l’autorité lettone de lutte contre la corruption, font douter de la capacité des autorités lettones à mettre en œuvre cette législation.
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The aim of this paper is to provide a statistical update of an earlier analysis on FDI in South East European countries and includes Moldova among the countries covered. Various features of FDI in the region and in individual countries are presented in 29 tables. This study, prepared by Gábor Hunya of the Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, was commissioned by the Austrian Ministry of Economy and Labour.
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August 1993. This publication seeks to add to the understanding of the problems which policy makers of Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) face in designing and implementing exchange control policies.