>> Redes Regionales de Políticas Públicas de la OCDE para América Latina y el Caribe (versión en español)

 

OECD-LAC Regional Policy Networks

 

The OECD LAC Regional Programme builds on over 20 years of OECD engagement with the region through its Development Centre and a number of regional policy networks across range of policy areas, linked to OECD Committees. At present, a promising policy dialogue takes place within a number of Committee-supported networks on issues ranging from corporate governanceinvestmentinnovation, and competition, to the combatting of corruptionfiscal and budget issueshealthregulatory policyopen governance and water governance, among others (see table below). These OECD LAC Regional Policy Networks (RPNs) will continue to bring and adapt the discussions of OECD Committees to the region.

 

 

For more information on Latin America and the Caribbean’s engagement with the OECD, take a look at the 2017 Active with Latin America and the Caribbean brochure, which gives an overview of the OECD’s collaboration with and work on the region across all of the OECD’s policy areas.

 
 

 

 

OECD-LAC Investment Initiative


Launched in 2010, the LAC Investment Initiative is a joint undertaking of LAC governments, the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), and the OECD, with the objective of promoting a vibrant and internationally competitive private sector in support of job creation and social progress.

Four regional conferences have taken place under the Initiative in Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica and Peru, resulting in concrete policy benefits. A number of LAC countries have recently undertaken an Investment Policy Review (Colombia, Costa Rica) and adhered to the OECD Declaration and Decisions on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises.

 

OECD LAC Fiscal Initiative


The LAC Fiscal Initiative is jointly led by the Centre for Tax Policy and Administration and the Development Centre. The objective of this Initiative is to provide a forum for policy dialogue on fiscal issues where officials from LAC countries exchange views with experts from relevant OECD committees and other regional and international organisations. Discussions are supported by the development of internationally comparable data; capacity-building workshops, usually held and organised by the OECD Multilateral Tax Centre in Mexico City; and analytical papers. The Revenue Statistics in Latin America publication and database provide such comparable data. The Initiative also helps with the design and implementation of fiscal reform measures. 

LAC Network on BEPS


Addressing base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) is a key priority of governments around the globe. The OECD/G20 BEPS Project has produced a single set of international tax rules to address BEPS, and hence to protect tax bases, while offering increased certainty and predictability to taxpayers. 

Regional networks of tax policy and administration officials have been set up for an ongoing and more structured dialogue process with a broader group of countries concerning the BEPS project. Meetings provide participants with an opportunity to give feedback on the delivery and outcomes of the BEPS Project and discuss options for an inclusive framework for implementation, including the development of toolkits that meet developing countries' specific needs and possible capacity building initiatives. Sixteen LAC countries and territories have participated in these meetings.

 

LAC Innovation Initiative


The objective of this initiative is to create synergies and explore solutions to tackle challenges related to the design and implementation of innovation policy. The LAC Innovation Initiative’s approach involves facilitating the identification and implementation of joint projects around key science, technology and innovation questions. The Initiative also conducts thematic studies and comparative analyses around key innovation policy questions and organises workshops and policy roundtables on priority issues. A recent result of this work is Start-up Latin America.

 

LAC Network of the OECD Water Governance Initiative


This Network has been created as a concrete result of the LAC Initiative on Public Service Delivery started in 2009. This network is linked to the world-wide OECD Initiative on Water Governance. The Network, in co-operation with the Conference of Ibero-American Water Directors (CODIA), gathers major stakeholders to share experiences and good practices across national governments, local and regional authorities, service providers, donor agencies, basin organisations, science and academia, regulatory agencies, and civil society. Recent results of this work are Water Governance in Latin America and the Caribbean and Water Resources Governance in Brazil.

 

LAC Corporate Governance Roundtable


Established in 2000, the Roundtable aims to promote corporate governance improvements through public and private sector policy dialogue by: 1) providing a forum for the exchange of experiences between senior policy makers, regulators and market participants with first-hand experience of present developments; 2) providing policy and practical input to the Roundtable's work; and 3) promoting good corporate governance practices at the company level through the Companies Circle group. The Roundtable's new focus is on corporate governance challenges for conglomerates. A recent example of the Roundtable's work is the 2015 report Corporate Governance of Company Groups in Latin America.

 

LAC Corporate Governance of
State Owned Enterprises (SOEs) Network


The objective of this Network, established in 2011, is to enhance the governance of state-owned enterprises (SOE) in the region through an on-going exchange of experience and knowledge on SOE governance policies, practices and reforms. It uses the OECD Guidelines on SOEs as the main conceptual framework for discussion. The Network is an integral part of wider activities that support better corporate governance, feeding into the work of the Latin American Corporate Governance Roundtable (see above).

 

Latin American and Caribbean Competition Forum (LACCF)


Launched in 2003 by the OECD and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the LACCF brings together competition officials and experts from across the region to share best practices and exchange experiences in a format that allows for a genuine peer learning process. The Forum has helped to foster effective competition policies, overcome embedded anti-market traditions, and assist participants in identifying potential areas for policy reform. 

 

LAC Anti-Corruption Programme


The OECD-Latin America Anti-Corruption Programme strenghtens the implementation and enforcement of international and regional anti-corruption conventions in Latin America, including the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. It involves representatives from a wide range of ministries, government agencies and non-governmental organisations in Latin America. 

LAC Regional Senior Budget Officials Network (SBO)


Since 2000, the Network annually gathers budget directors and other budget officials from the region to discuss key issues relating to budget management, such as the role of fiscal institutions and fiscal rules, budget transparency, performance budgeting and OECD peer reviews. Since 2012, the Network has operated jointly with the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). In 2014, the LAC SBO launched the first edition of the Government at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean which includes more than 30 indicators that compare the relative performance of governments in the LAC region and benchmark against OECD countries. A second edition of the publication will be launched in late 2016.

Network of Health Systems for Latin America


At the 29 February 2016 meeting of the Pacific Alliance, vice-ministers and health secretaries issued a communiqué calling for the creation of a Network of Health Systems for Latin America, with an initial focus on regional use and application of the OECD’s system of health accounts, health care quality indicators and analyses of the economics of prevention.

The OECD Senior Budget and Health Officials Joint Network held its first meeting for Latin America and Caribbean officials from 7-8 July in Bogota, Colombia, which also served as the first major output of the new OECD Network of Health Systems for Latin America. The meeting brought together senior officials from health and finance ministries to discuss challenges in health system budgeting, and identify effective policies to ensure the financial sustainability of health care. The meeting was co-organised with the Global Fund to Fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria; the Pan-American Health Organization; and the Colombian Ministry of Health. Topics covered included the structure and governance of health system financing; budget formulation; budget execution; performance budgeting, reporting and monitoring; and the impacts of decentralisation in the health sector on the budgetary process. Fifteen countries from the region participated in the meeting (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay). 

Latin American Network on Regulatory Policy


This Network is an initiative of Latin American countries, the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), and the OECD on regulatory reform, which is open to OECD member countries and interested Latin American countries. Its main objective is to exchange experiences and good practices among experts in the Latin American region and OECD member countries. 

The Network was launched in Lima, Peru in June 2015, and held its second meeting in Chile in April 2016. 

LAC Network on Open and Innovative Government


In response to strong demand from LAC countries for OECD support for the implementation of their open government reform agendas, this Network was launched during the Global Summit of the Open Governance Partnership in Mexico in October 2015. The Network is a platform to engage in policy dialogue, knowledge transfer and exchange of good practices with OECD and LAC countries in the areas of good governance, open government, public sector innovation, digital governance and open data, and citizen participation. Costa Rica and Mexico are the first co-chairs of the network, which will meet on an annual basis.

 

 

Sub-Regional Work


The OECD supports regional integration mechanisms throughout the world. Its experience is at the disposition of integration mechanisms in the LAC region, from those of a more comprehensive nature, such as the Community of States of Latin America and the Caribbean (CELAC), to trade integration mechanisms such as the Pacific Alliance, Mercosur, the Central American System of Economic Integration (SIECA) and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). Within the context of the new OECD LAC Regional Programme, the OECD will work to strengthen its relationships with regional and sub-regional institutions in support of their regional integration efforts. 

In 2015, the OECD participated at the X Pacific Alliance Summit in Paracas, Peru, presenting a report to support the Pacific Alliance in the identification of mechanisms to promote the integration of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) into global and regional value chains. The OECD stands ready to support each Pro-tempore Presidency of the Alliance in advancing its priorities.