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This working paper analyses how multi-year budgetary processes work in practice in both high income OECD countries and in aid-receiving countries.
The workshop was held on 24 April 2009, in Kiev, Ukraine. The objective was to present and discuss the results produced in the framework of EAP Task Force work and supported by the EC TACIS grant over the last two years.
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The paper presents an overview of the main features of the existing EECCA systems of surface water quality standards and the need to improve them. It also describes the key conceptual directions for reform based on OECD and EECCA country experience.
The current crisis provides an impetus to push forward difficult reform, an opportunity that should not be wasted for the water sector, according to Angel Gurría. He affirmed that there were huge opportunities for job-creating and “shovel ready” investments in the water sector, particularly for water saving and the rehabilitation of networks, which require relatively short design and construction planning, compared to other types of
One billion people cannot get clean drinking water and 2.5 billion lack access to basic sanitation which cause 1.5 million preventable child deaths per year. While addressing the emergency of the current crisis, we must not forget that water is the most essential good and we should find new and innovative approaches to allow everyone access to water and sanitation, according to the OECD Secretary-General.
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The current document provides policy guidance in order to improve ERCA indicators in the region of Eastern Europe, Caucasus, and Central Asia (EECCA).
Russian, , 1,326kb
Штрафы являются самой распространённой мерой административного правоприменения в сфе
Monetary penalties (fines) are the most widespread administrative environmental enforcement instrument in EECCA countries as well as internationally, intended both to punish non-compliance and prevent its future re-occurrence.
English, , 1,208kb
This document provides EECCA environmental authorities with guidance on how to determine and apply administrative fines for environmental offences.