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One billion people cannot get clean drinking water and 2.5 billion lack access to basic sanitation which cause 1.5 million preventable child deaths per year. While addressing the emergency of the current crisis, we must not forget that water is the most essential good and we should find new and innovative approaches to allow everyone access to water and sanitation, according to the OECD Secretary-General.
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The current document provides policy guidance in order to improve ERCA indicators in the region of Eastern Europe, Caucasus, and Central Asia (EECCA).
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Штрафы являются самой распространённой мерой административного правоприменения в сфе
Monetary penalties (fines) are the most widespread administrative environmental enforcement instrument in EECCA countries as well as internationally, intended both to punish non-compliance and prevent its future re-occurrence.
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This document provides EECCA environmental authorities with guidance on how to determine and apply administrative fines for environmental offences.
English, , 542kb
Ensuring an effective regulation of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises is a substantial policy challenge for environmental authorities worldwide, not least because this group has a number of particularities that inhibit the impact of conventional compliance monitoring and enforcement approaches.
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Kazakhstan has developed an extensive corpus of environmental laws and put in place a system of non-compliance response in order to make environmental law work. This system foresees administrative, civil, and criminal liability and provides for administrative and judicial paths of enforcement.&l