The G20 is suffering from ageing populations and declining productivity growth. While a pervasive technology revolution is accelerating globalisation.
It is my pleasure to launch the OECD’s 2017 Employment Outlook, our flagship report on key labour market developments and prospects in OECD member countries. I’d like to thank Minister Nahles and Germany’s Federal Ministry of Employment and Social Affairs for hosting this event. Today’s launch is very timely given our High-Level Policy Forum on the new OECD Jobs Strategy here in Berlin.
Globalisation, demographic trends and technological change are transforming jobs in our economy. 9% of jobs across OECD countries could be automated in the next 15-20 years and a further 25% are at risk of significant change. The risk in emerging economies is even larger. According to recent studies, China and India together account for the largest technically automatable employment potential.
This review introduces the background to and issues at stake in promoting equal partnerships in families in Germany. It encourages German policy makers to build on the important reforms since the mid-2000s to enable both fathers and mothers to have careers and children, and urges families to “dare to share”. To those ends it places Germany’s experience in an international comparison, and draws from the experience in, for example, France and the Nordic countries which have longstanding policies to support work-life balance and strengthen gender equality. The review starts with an overview chapter also explaining why and how equal sharing pays for families, children, the economy and society as a whole. The book presents current outcomes, policy trends, as well as detailed analysis of the drivers of paid and unpaid work and how more equal partnerships in families may help sustain fertility rates. The book examines policies to promote partnership, looking both at persistent shortcomings and progress achieved through reform since the mid-2000s. The book includes a set of policy recommendations designed to enable parents to share work and family responsibilities more equally.
Population ageing is setting in earlier in Germany than in most other OECD economies and will be marked.
The German economy has steadily recovered from the 2008 global crisis. Thanks to past reforms, the labour market has proved strong and export performance has been impressive.
Skills drive economic growth and can boost social cohesion. With growth increasingly driven by productivity improvements, the future economic and social well-being of OECD countries will depend upon providing our young people with the right skills to succeed in the 21st century job market.
While past labour market reforms have been successful in terms of employment, the relative poverty risk and income inequality have remained broadly unchanged in recent years.
Two rounds of the Survey of Adult Skills are under way: Round 1 (2008-13) with 24 participating countries, whose results were released in October 2013, and Round 2 (2012-16) with 9 participating countries, whose results will be released in 2016. A third round is scheduled to begin in May 2014.
English, PDF, 1,838kb
OECD Reviews of Vocational Education and Training. A Skills beyond School Review of Germany.