PISA for Schools - FAQs
The PISA for Schools project contributes to improving student learning opportunities and well-being by empowering teachers and school leaders through global connections and international benchmarking based on a common scale provided by the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). The PISA for Schools project has two main goals: (1) to provide the PISA-based Test for Schools on demand; and (2) to develop opportunities for global peer-learning on improving learning outcomes.
The PISA-based Test for Schools is a voluntary assessment intended to help school leaders from across the world understand their 15-year old students' abilities to think critically and apply their knowledge creatively in novel contexts.
PISA is an international study that was launched by the OECD in 1997, first administered in 2000 and now covers over 80 countries. Every 3 years the PISA survey provides comparative data on 15-year-olds’ performance in reading, mathematics, and science. In addition, each cycle explores a distinct “innovative domain” such as Collaborative Problem Solving (PISA 2015) and Global Competence (PISA 2018). The results have informed education policy discussions at the national and global level since its inception.
While PISA is intended to deliver national level results, the PISA-based Test for Schools is designed to deliver school-level results for school improvement and benchmarking purposes. Because both assessments are based on the same framework, the results are comparable, meaning that individual schools benchmark their performance with that of national education systems from around the world.
Given our global, knowledge-based economy, it has become more important than ever before to compare students not only to local or national standards, but also to the performance of the world’s top-performing school systems. There has been growing interest in comparing student performance to international benchmarks, both as a gauge of how prepared students are to participate in a globalised society and as a means of setting targets above and beyond basic proficiency levels or local expectations.
To date, the assessment has been delivered in more than 2 200 schools cumulatively. School leaders and teachers have reported using results to:
OECD-accredited organisations are responsible for the implementation of the assessment. Under rigorous technical oversight from the OECD, the accredited National Service Providers (NSPs) administer the assessment to schools using a digital platform run by the International Platform Provider (IPP). The project's IPP is Janison, a software company that specialises in large scale implementations for global, national, and regional implementations of digital testing (www.janison.com).
Students respond to approximately two hours of test questions in reading, mathematics and science and answer a 30-minute student questionnaire. The testing experience for a student lasts approximately three to three-and-a-half hours, including instructions and break periods.
In addition, school leaders (e.g. principals and directors) of participating schools will be asked to provide information on their school by filling out a questionnaire.
Schools participating in the PISA for Schools project, receive a comprehensive report in electronic format detailing their school’s performance measured against national PISA results from their own country and those of others around the world. School networks and governments can select the countries with which they wish to be compared, based on common challenges or goals. The data collected, and the school reports generated as a result of the assessment belong to each school, which decides to what extent the data can be reported by the OECD. Schools are encouraged to share and discuss their results with teachers, staff, students and parents to foster deeper understanding of the overall performance of their school as a basis for future action.
To be eligible to receive a school report, schools have to have tested a minimum number of 42 eligible students (i.e. those who are aged between 15 years and 3 completed months to 16 years and 2 completed months at the time of testing). To ensure that the minimum number of 42 students per school is reached, it is recommended to test at least 55 students, assuming a participation rate of 80%.
The PISA-based Test for Schools and its results are not meant to be interpreted or used as school rankings or for “league tables”. The PISA-based Test for Schools does not provide for student-level performance reporting and is designed principally to support school improvement efforts.
The OECD accredits professional assessment bodies to act as National Service Providers (NSPs) for the PISA-based Test for Schools in each country. They are obliged to adhere to the provisions set out in the OECD Technical Report and PISA for Schools General Guidelines for Use and Availability.
The PISA for Schools General Guidelines for Use and Availability sets out clear principles intended to guide the use of the assessment as a tool for improvement and informed discussions. Where the Guidelines are not respected, the OECD reserves the right to withhold its approval of a school report and the use of the OECD logo.
Once the validation study in a given country is complete, the test can be delivered “on-demand”. That is to say, schools can choose to administer the test at their desired frequency and up to once per school year. The PISA-based Test for Schools cannot be offered during the months in which the main PISA study conducts its data collection, which happens every 3 years in each participating country.
For details regarding costs, please contact a member of the OECD PISA for Schools team at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Looking ahead, the PISA for Schools project aims to:
Contact the team