Early childhood and schools

OECD Starting Strong Teaching and Learning International Survey



The TALIS Starting Strong Survey provides early childhood staff and centre leaders with an opportunity to share insights on their professional development; pedagogical beliefs and practices; and working conditions, as well as various other leadership, management and workplace issues.

The survey seeks to identify strengths of and improvement opportunities for early childhood learning and well-being environments across different countries and jurisdictions, while identifying factors that are open to change. The survey also builds on the OECD‘s study of the teaching profession, the OECD Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS).

The TALIS Starting Strong Survey will compare early childhood settings within and across countries, highlighting diversity within systems and identifying points of commonality. Information gained from the data will inform and facilitate policy discussions about staff’s working conditions and training needs, and can help enhance the overall quality of the workforce.

The survey is part of the OECD’s long-term strategy to develop early childhood education and care data, and will serve as the foundation for future analyses of what works for young children.


Cross-country analysis of these data seeks to address the following questions:

  • Who are the early childhood education and care staff in participating countries? What are their beliefs and motivations and how do these relate to working conditions and their self-efficacy (i.e. teachers’ beliefs in their ability to achieve the desired results in the playroom)? What can policy do to help attract, retain and develop qualified staff?
  • What does quality look like in early childhood centres for children under the age of three? What are the qualifications and practices of staff that work in these centres and home-based settings, and how do they differ from services for older children?
  • How do structural characteristics of ECEC settings link to staff’s beliefs, practices and their interactions with children?
  • Do staff working with children from different social and cultural backgrounds report the same levels of quality of interactions between staff and children? Do staff job satisfaction, working conditions and self-efficacy vary according to the composition of the children’s group?

 TALIS Starting Strong Survey Participants

  • Nine countries completed data collection with staff and leaders working in "pre-primary education" (i.e. ISCED level 02) in 2018: Chile, Denmark, Germany, Iceland, Israel, Japan, Korea, Norway, Turkey. ISCED level 02 settings typically attend to children ages three to five.
  • Four of those countries (Denmark, Germany, Israel, and Norway) also surveyed the staff and leaders working with children under the age of three in registered ECEC settings.

 When will the survey be implemented?

  • 2016: developing and piloting of survey instrument (October)
  • 2017: field trial (May-June)
  • 2018: main survey (first half of the year in Northern Hemisphere, second half of the year in Southern Hemisphere)
  • 2019-2020: analysis and reporting


TALIS Starting Strong Survey questionnaires

TALIS Starting Strong Survey Conceptual Framework

TALIS Starting Strong Survey results will become available beginning in October 2019


Flyer on the OECD TALIS Starting Strong Survey


For further information, please contact the OECD TALIS Starting Strong Survey team,



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