Green growth and sustainable development

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum


The Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum (GGSD Forum) is:

  • an OECD initiative aimed at providing a dedicated space for multi-disciplinary dialogue on green growth and sustainable development.
  • an interactive platform which brings together experts from different policy fields and disciplines working in these areas. It encourages discussion, facilitates the exchange of knowledge and ease exploitation of potential synergies.
  • a valuable supplement for the work undertaken in individual government departments and ministries by addressing the horizontal, multi-disciplinary aspects of green growth and sustainable development.
  • a meeting point for policy makers and experts from OECD and partner countries to exchange experiences and identify policy tools and best practices that respond to their specific country circumstances.

The Forum operates as an annual event which may take the form of a conference, a workshop or a seminar. Each year, it focuses on a different cross-cutting issue related to sustainable development and green growth. The GGSD Forum is open to a wide range of stakeholders and experts from OECD Committees, agencies, other international organisations, government officials, civil society, academics and the private sector. It aims to identify remaining knowledge gaps and promote new initiatives to effectively address them.

A Steering Group is composed of the Chairs of different Committees working on green growth issues. It advises the Secretariat on the themes of the annual GGSD Forum events, which are complementary to related OECD work. The Steering Group solicits the interest of delegates to participate in a Task Force, which provides guidance on the agenda, potential speakers, and high-level guidance to any papers commissioned for the event.

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2018 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum
& Green Growth Knowledge Platform 6th Annual Conference

"Inclusive solutions for the green transition"

27-29 November, 2018

The 2018 GGSD Forum was held in conjunction with the Annual Conference of the Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP), a global partnership established by the OECD, Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), UN Environment and the World Bank.

The conference addressed the political economy of green and low-carbon policy reforms, identified their distributional impacts, and explored inclusive solutions for households, workers, sectors and regions that may otherwise be hit hard by the transition to help them contribute to a greener future. The Forum sessions were developed around competitiveness, employment and distributional impacts of green policies.

‌ GGSD_2017_Save the Date_A4

2017 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum

"Greening the Ocean Economy"

21-22 November, 2017

The 2017 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum (GGSD Forum) focused on investment, innovation and employment aspects of the fast-growing ocean-based industries, together with policies to preserve and sustainably use marine and ocean resources and ecosystems. It explored how the economic development and conservation needs can be balanced successfully through innovations in established and emerging ocean industries, as well as marine spatial planning instruments.

Issues such as national and international capacity for ocean industry oversight, the role of science and technology (including digitalisation), responsible business conduct and waste management were addressed. The Forum drew on work by the Scientific and Technological Policy Committee (CSTP), the Fisheries Committee (COFI), the Environment Policy Committee (EPOC), the Investment Committee (IC), Shipbuilding Committee (WP6), the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) as well as the International Transport Forum (ITF) and the International Energy Agency (IEA).


2016 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum

"Urban green growth, spatial planning and land use"

9-10 November 2016

Policy coherence between spatial and land-use planning and environment policy is an area of increasing focus for governments. Many land-use and spatial planning interventions fail to properly account for environmental consequences, such as those related to urban sprawl, transport systems and flood-zone development.

The 2016 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum encompassed an evaluation of the environmental and economic outcomes of different land use and spatial planning policies, as well as an exploration of how innovative approaches to land-use regulation and environmental policy instruments could complement and impact on traditional land-use planning and current approaches to green growth at the city level.

The Forum drew on work to be undertaken by the Working Party on Integrating Environmental and Economic Policies (WPIEEP) of the Environment Policy Committee (EPOC), the Regional Development Policy Commitee (RDPC), the Network on Environment and Development Co-operation (ENVIRONET) of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC).


2015 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum

'Enabling the next industrial Revolution: Systems innovation for green growth'

14-15 December 2015

Achieving green growth requires ambitious transition management policies in key sectors such as energy, transport, water and agriculture. Provided that the pace of innovation in a number of these key areas is growing faster than ever before, the 2015 GGSD Forum examined how to foster the "next industrial revolution" by harnessing the potential of systems innovation policies to support green growth.

Session 1 focused on capturing innovation complementarities for green growth and was held jointly with the OECD’s Working Party on Innovation and Technology Policy (TIP). This session examined options for developing a more systematic approach that breaks down path dependencies and effectively combines the objectives of green growth and innovation policies

Session 2 looked at the implications of green growth in emerging technologies and firm dynamics in order to respond to global challenges such as those associated with addressing climate change, preserving biodiversity, and increasing water scarcity. 

Session 3 focused on the role of new data sources in greening growth. The new sources of data that are becoming increasingly available can be used to optimize resource use and reduce environmental externalities. Consideration needs to be given to the technical, regulatory and policy implications of these new approaches.

Cross-cutting parallel sessions were carried out in three groups, each with a moderator and panel speakers.

  • First Session: "Emerging technologies – risk, trust and social acceptance" 
  • Second Session: "International cooperation in research and technologies" 
  • Third Session: "Innovation measurement and learning"

Closing remarks from all the sessions were provided by parallel session moderators in order to highlight key knowledge gaps and identify potential priorities for further work. 


‌‌Vertical flyer for GGSD Forum 2014 without the mention SAVE THE DATE.

2014 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum

'Addressing social implications of green growth'

13-14 November 2014

The Forum addressed the social implications of implementing green growth strategies. It explored potential impacts of green growth policies on labour markets, income and households, how governments might best design policy frameworks to address distributional consequences, and relevant indicators for measuring progress.

On Day 1, the scene-setting session looked at the importance of inclusive green growth in an increasingly unequal world and the importance of making links between social justice and the environment. Session 1 was a joint session with the International Energy Agency. It examined energy sector reform's impact on households, with a panel discussion featuring country case studies from the United Kingdom, Germany, Mexico and Indonesia. Session 2 was a joint session with the Employment, Labour and Social Affairs Committee (ELSAC) and the Committee on Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED), looking at inclusive labour markets for green growth, and presentations focused on both national and local perspectives.

On Day 2, an opening plenary session looked at possible policy responses and solutions to challenges related to social implications of green growth.

Parrallel sessions with two groups, each with a faciliator and four discussion leaders, followed. Group 1 was a Joint Session with the International Labour Orgnaisation (ILO) and discussed Active labour market and skills policies for green growth. Group 2 discussed social protection and redistribution policies for green growth.

A closing plenary built on the reporting of outcomes from the parallel sessions by the facilitators and scoped priorities for further research. 


‌‌Visual of Forum announcement.

2013 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum

'How to Unlock Investment in Support of Green Growth?'

5-6 December 2013

The Forum discussed how governments can improve their investment policy framework to reduce the risk and attract long-term private finance in support of green growth.

On  Day 1, session 1 set the scene by highlighting the benefits and challenges of unlocking private investments and using public funds as a lever efficiently. Session 2 looked into policy options to channel long-term financing into green growth projects and facilitate firms’ access to international and domestic capital markets, including in developing countries. Session 3 discussed specific options to mobilise investment in the transport sector and examine incentives to foster innovative improvements.

On Day 2, three break-out sessions addressed in more detail issues discussed on Day 1 by drawing on lessons from case studies and country experiences. Break-out session 1 discussed policy options to support investment in clean energy infrastructure. Break-out session 2 discussed the role of development and local banks for enacting SMEs in green growth. Break-out session 3 discussed policy options to direct investment in land transport infrastructure. 

A closing plenary gathered the knowledge gaps identified in the break-out discussions and scope priorities for further research. 


Visual of the GG-SD 2012 Forum announcement.


2012 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum

'Encouraging the Efficient and Sustainable Use of Natural Resources: Policy Instruments and Social Acceptability

23 November 2012

The 1st Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum (GGSD Forum) took place on 23 November 2012. It focused on how to encourage a more efficient and sustainable use of natural resources, looking at the implications for advanced, emerging and developing countries. Stakeholders took this opportunity to exchange experiences and best practices with the management of natural resources.

The Forum was attened by approximately 250 participants, including representatives from ministries of finance, economics, environment, development cooperation, sciences, industry and technology, and foreign affairs, as well as from international organisations, the private sector and civil society. The following country representatives attended: Cambodia, China, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Philippines, Russia, Sierra Leone and South Africa.

This event also showed that the OECD is at the forefront of global work on green growth and plays a key role in post-crisis recovery plans in many countries in order to foster growth and achieve sustainable development. 



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