Environmental country reviews


  • Brazil 2015

    The OECD’s first-ever Environmental Performance Review of Brazil draws attention to the strong progress made in reducing deforestation and emissions of greenhouse gases over the past 15 years. However, a decade of rapid urbanisation and economic growth have increased pressure on the environment.

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  • The Netherlands 2015

    An early leader in environmental policy, the Netherlands has decoupled greenhouse gas emissions from economic growth and virtually eliminated landfilling over the past decade. Yet a very fossil fuel-intensive energy mix and looming pressures from traffic congestion and intensive farming leave plenty of challenges to be faced.

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  • OECD at #COP21

    World leaders are facing a fundamental dilemma: take strong action to address the risks associated with climate change, or see the ability to limit this threat slip from their grasp. Check out how the OECD is contributing to get a successful outcome in December at #COP21 in Paris.

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The OECD Environmental Performance Review (EPR) programme has been helping member countries to improve their environmental management for 20 years.



Natural resources are essential to Brazil's development: it is among the major global agricultural, minerals and oil producers, and hydropower generates most of its electricity. Protected areas extend over a large part of the country and deforestation in the Amazon has dropped remarkably, which in turn has helped curb greenhouse gas emissions. 

These Highlights, available in English and in Portuguese, contain major facts and graphs from the 2015 review of Brazil. 



data visualisation

Spain's environmentally related taxes have fallen and are among the lowest in the OECD, while taxes on labour have increased. 

Compare the data on our latest data visualisation: Spain 2015


More data visualisation on Iceland 2014,  Sweden 2014 and Colombia 2014, on the Country profiles and on the Data portal