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Japan’s net official development assistance (ODA) was USD 9.3 billion in 2002, making it the world’s second largest donor. Japan was the largest aid donor for almost a decade, from 1992 to 2001, until economic pressures led the government to reduce the size of its ODA
Despite the challenges remaining, the DAC notes some improvement in Italian aid management since 2008. It welcomes Italy’s intention to focus on 35 priority countries, the greater authority given to Italy’s embassies and technical offices to formulate programmes and deliver aid, and the Steering Committee on Development Cooperation’s high level policy direction.
Switzerland has a long tradition of international assistance; its aid to humanitarian causes and multilateral donors serves as lessons in good practice. Switzerland also contributes to international thinking on governance and development in fragile situations.
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The survey comprised 4 topics: policy, financial authority, staffing and roles and systems. Nineteen DAC members responded and the main findings are presented in the document with a summary of each member’s survey results in the Annex 1.
Sweden spent USD 4.73 billion on overseas development assistance (ODA) in 2008. This amounted to 0.98% of its gross national income (GNI) and made Sweden the most generous of all DAC donor countries as a proportion of its national income. This is particularly laudable in a time of global recession. Its 2009 EU presidency offers an important opportunity to shore up support within the international community for development
Switzerland’s aid volume was USD 2.02 billion in 2008, an increase of more than 6% over the previous year, and a total of 0.42% of its gross national income (GNI). In 2008 it had already surpassed its Monterrey commitment to contribute 0.4% of its GNI to ODA by 2010. Switzerland should adopt a 0.5% target for its aid, keeping in mind the 0.7% UN target. At the request of parliament, the Federal Council has evaluated options for a
Sweden spent USD 4.73 billion on overseas development assistance (ODA) in 2008. This amounted to 0.98% of its gross national income (GNI), making Sweden the most generous DAC donor countries as a proportion of its economy.
The Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the OECD notes that Italian Co-operation is facing major challenges. The first is an urgent need to reform official development co-operation, but no political consensus on how to proceed.
The budget for Japanese development co-operation has suffered years of decline. Now, a promising budget increase in 2008 has been cancelled out by a sharp fall in the 2009 budget.
This book outlines what individual donor countries are doing to fulfil their development co-operation ambitions.