How can Latvia improve the quality and equity of its education system and realise long-term efficiency gains? This report covers the whole education system from early childhood education and care to tertiary education and provides an assessment of Latvia’s policies and practices against the best approaches in education and skills across the OECD. This international comparison brings to the fore the many strengths of Latvia’s education system, but also highlights the challenges it faces and provides a number of recommendations in response. This report will be of value to Latvia but also policy makers in other countries looking to raise the quality, equity and efficiency of their education systems.
This database provides information on environmentally related taxes, fees and charges, tradable permit systems, deposit refund systems, environmentally motivated subsidies and voluntary approaches used in environmental policy in OECD member countries and a number of other countries. Developed in co-operation between the OECD and the European Environment Agency.
In 2014, Latvia’s net ODA amounted to USD 25 million, representing an increase of 7% in real terms over 2013. The ODA/GNI ratio remained stable at 0.08%. Preliminary data show that ODA reached USD 23 million in 2015 (0.09% of GNI).
Latvia has undergone major economic and social change since the early 1990s. Despite an exceptionally deep recession following the global financial crisis, impressive economic growth over the past two decades has narrowed income and productivity gaps relative to comparator countries in the OECD. But Latvians report low degrees of life satisfaction, very large numbers of Latvians have left the country, and growth has not been inclusive. A volatile economy and very large income disparities create pressing needs for more effective social and labour-market policies. The government’s reform programme rightly acknowledges inequality as a key challenge. However, without sustained policy efforts and adequate resources, there is a risk that productivity and income growth could remain below potential and social cohesion could be further weakened by high or rising inequality.
Tourism is considered to be one of Latvia’s main drivers of economic development, an important source of export revenue and a key contributor to GDP. In 2014, tourism directly contributed 3.8% of Latvia’s total GDP of EUR 24.1 billion. Tourism exports increased by 4.4% over 2013 to reach EUR 935.7 million in 2014, representing 6.7% of total exports.
Latvia faces a huge demographic challenge. Since restoration of its independence in 1991, the country lost more than a quarter of its resident population.The report "Investing in Youth: Latvia" states that investing in youth, by upgrading skills and promoting employment, is a priority if Latvia wants to offer its young people a positive outlook and address the demographic challenge.
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A two-page OECD summary and analysis of the Services Trade Restrictiveness Index results for Latvia.
GDP growth is projected to accelerate to 3.1% in 2016 and 3.5% in 2017, mainly driven by domestic demand. High wage growth will further sustain household consumption. Exports will pick up following the trade recovery in the European Union and support investment, but export performance will be weakened by increases in unit labour costs.
This country note provides data on the output of educational institutions; the impact of learning in Latvia; the financial and human resources invested in education; access, participation and progression in education; and the learning environment and organisation of schools.
This country note provides an overview of a set of activities to encourage entrepreneurship, orientated towards young people. It also presents key inclusive entrepreneurship data for Latvia.