Independence of competition authorities - from designs to practices

 

www.shutterstock.comParis, 1/12/16 - The 2016 OECD Global Forum on Competition discussed "Independence of competition authorities - from designs to practices" during its third session. Competition authority independence from political power is a key element for the effective enforcement of competition law. This issue has been increasingly important in the debate about the design of a competition authority and it can have several dimensions: structural independence from government, operational/decision-making independence, organisational independence and financial independence. 

The discussion focused on the notion of independence of competition enforcers from political interferences in their enforcement activity and will not address the equally important principle that competition authorities should be independent of business interests to avoid the risk of capture.  Some of the issues that were discussed are: Can the government decide which cases the authority should and should not investigate? How are the resources managed? Do competition authorities have decision-making autonomy? What are the main existing challenges in terms of legal and de facto independence of your competition authority?

Prof. Michal Gal (Haifa University, Israel) and Prof. Allan Fels AO (University of Melbourne, Monash & Oxford) presented and interacted with participants during this discussion. 

Read the Background paper by the Secretariat • Note de référence du Secrétariat

Download the 2016 Forum Agenda English   Français

Global Forum website  •  Full list of Competition Policy Roundtables

GLOBAL FORUM SESSION DOCUMENTATION

KEY DOCUMENTS

Background paper by the Secretariat

Call for contributions 

Summary of contribtutions

 

DOCUMENTATION CLÉ EN FRANÇAIS

Appel à contributions

Note de référence par le Secrátariat

Note par Michal GAL

Note par Allan FELS

PANNELISTS AND PAPERS

Michal GAL Bio
Professor, University of Haifa School of law, Israel 
presenting "Agency independency".

Allan FELS AO Bio
Professor fellow, University of Melbourn, Australia
presenting "Competition Agencies: What if they are not Independent?"

CONTRIBUTIONS FROM PARTICIPANTS

Argentina

Belgium

Brazil

Bulgaria

Canada

Chile 

Colombia

Costa Rica

Czech Republic

Egypt

El Salvador

Estonia

Georgia 
 

Iceland

Indonesia

Japan

Kazakhstan

Latvia

Lithuania

Mexico COFECE

Norway

Peru

Portugal

Romania

Russian Federation

 

 

Serbia

Singapore

Slovak Republic

South Africa

Spain

Sweden

Chinese Taipei

Ukraine

United Kingdom

United States

BIAC

CUTS

PRESENTATIONS


Competition Authority of Norway
 

 


Prof. Michal GAL– University of Haifa

 

RELATED MATERIAL

The governance of regulators, OECD Best practice principles for regulatory policy, 2014

Competition Advocacy: Challenges for developping countries, 2004 Latin American Competition Forum (full set of documents, pdf)

Optimal Design of a Competition Agency, 2003 Global Forum on Competition

Access the full list of Competition Policy Roundtables

Link to the OECD Competition Home Page  

OTHER 2016 FORUM SESSIONS

Promoting competition, Protecting human rights

Role of market studies as a tool to promote competition 

Sanctions in antitrust cases

Global Forum website

 

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