The enduring idea that the rising tide of economic growth lifts all boats is no longer a universal truth. In the US, even before the Great Recession, the poorest were steadily losing ground. Between 2000 and 2012 the average disposable income of the bottom 10% in the US fell by 14%, underlined the OECD Secretary-General.
The United States can further improve productivity in its economy by prioritizing reforms that enhance openness, diversity and competition in services markets, particularly where higher trade restrictions are observed.
A moderate recovery is under way in major advanced economies after two years of subdued growth. Overall, most indications point to a continued underlying strengthening of the pace of growth, helped by accommodative monetary policy and reduced fiscal drag.
To achieve higher productivity growth, raise investment and foster job creation, we need to foster competition in our economies, said Angel Gurría in Washington.
Many countries are facing the scourge of slow growth and rising inequality in income and opportunities. They risk being trapped in a vicious circle that could lead to weaker economic performance and greater exclusion. To avoid this, policy action is needed.
Inequality is a multi-dimensional challenge, it goes beyond income and it affects the wellbeing of our people. We need a multidisciplinary policy response and that’s what the Inclusive Growth initiative that we are launching in the OECD will provide.
PISA provides the most comprehensive international comparison of the skills and knowledge of 15-year-olds around the world in mathematics, science and reading. We take stock in three year periods and run the numbers and publish them a year later. Thus, these results correspond to the 2010-2012 period and they are the 5th set we prepare and publish since 2000.
The OECD was born transatlantic since its very origins as the Organisation for European Economic Cooperation in 1948, established in the immediate post-war period to manage and distribute Marshall Plan aid to reconstruct Europe. The centre of gravity of the world economy is now shifting and will continue to do so but this does not mean that the Transatlantic Partnership has a lesser role to play on the global stage, said Angel Gurría.
Growth rates in the major advanced economies picked up in the first half of 2013 and should be maintained through the second half of the year. Activity is expanding at an encouraging pace in North America, Japan and the United Kingdom, while the euro area as a whole is no longer in recession.
There is no simple remedy for fixing the post-crisis global economy. But three key ingredients for sustainable long-term growth are jobs, equality and trust, said OECD Secretary-General in Washington.