Fiscal federalism network

2020 Annual meeting of the OECD network on fiscal relations



page image for the annual Fiscal Federal meeting

  16th Annual Meeting of the
  OECD Network on Fiscal Relations across Levels of Government
  3-4 December 2020 – Virtual Meeting


Opening Junghun Kim, Chair of the Fiscal Network
Introductory Remarks Introduction by Network Secretariat
Item II
Inter-governmental policy responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic: a review of measures taken to tackle the first wave
  Amidst a second wave in many countries, the role of subnational governments and inter-governmental relations in bringing the outbreak under control is much clearer. Three studies will be discussed that examine practices employed by OECD and partner countries related to: i) the role of subnational governments in healthcare and containment measures; ii) existing inter-governmental fiscal arrangements; and iii) mechanisms employed to improve coordination across levels of government in tackling the COVID-19 crisis.

Sean Dougherty (Head of Secretariat)  Inter-governmental policy responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic

Presentation Dorothée Allain-Dupré (CFE) The Territorial impact of covid-19: managing the crisis across levels of government
Presentation Agnès Soucat (World Health Organisation) Fiscal consequences of a health related economic shock :emerging lessons from the COVID-19 crisis
Background paper COVID-19 and Fiscal Relations across Levels of Government
Background paper The Territorial Impact of COVID-19: Managing the Crisis across Levels of Government
Background paper Federalism and Public Health Decentralisation in the Time of COVID-19
Item III
Discussion of subnational and inter-governmental responses to the crisis
  Delegates and invitees are invited to share the experiences of their countries through the channel of inter-governmental relations, the role of subnational governments in designing and implementing healthcare and containment measures, as well as the main challenges being faced in tackling the pandemic and coordinating actions taken by different levels of government.
Presentation Bruno Funchal, Secretary of the Treasury (Brazil) The Brazilian response to the COVID 19 crisis
Background paper N.K.  Singh, Former Chairman, Fifteenth Finance Commission
Item IV Future prospects and effects of the COVID-19 pandemic
  Lessons learnt from the first wave can help countries to better address the second wave, future outbreaks and emergencies. In that light, inter-governmental fiscal relations can be permanently improved through the adoption of measures that were employed to tackle the first wave, potentially leading to more resilient policies. Delegates are invited to share potential reforms that are inspired by lessons learnt during this difficult period.
Presentation Adèle Lieber (DGFiP, France) Future prospects and effects of the COVID-19 pandemic

Hyuna Kim (KIPF, Korea) Flattening the curve on COVID-19 in Korea: Subnational and intergovernmental responses

Presentation Giacomo Antonio Di Fazio (Ministry of Economy and Finance, Italy) Italian response to the crisis caused by Covid-19
Background paper Alina Tatarenko (Council of Europe): Addressing the impact of the pandemic and the use of digital technologies in elections
Item V Fiscal Rules for Subnational Governments: The Devil’s in the Details
  Most OECD and partner countries have multiple fiscal rules in place applied to subnational governments. These rules are considered to be a key policy instrument for ensuring fiscal discipline and coordination of deficit and debt levels across levels of government. In the current context, the dramatic economic downturn caused by the COVID-19 pandemic have led many countries to activate general escape clauses and lifted fiscal rules to give subnational governments more room to manoeuvre. In the aftermath of the crisis, though, fiscal rules can be especially relevant to ensure a fiscal sustainable path for subnational governments.
Presentation Camila Vammalle (GOV) Fiscal rules for subnational governments: The Devil in the Details
  Teresa Ter-Minassian (Expert)
Item VI Discussion of rising subnational debt and the role of subnational fiscal rules
  Delegates and invitees are invited to share their experiences with rising subnational debt levels and how they envision a return to fiscal sustainability. This may cover the substance of rules (i.e. deficit rules, debt rules, expenditure limits and tax limitations), monitoring and enforcement mechanisms as well as the institutional context in which they operate.
Presentation Hendrik Ritter (Ministry of Finance, Germany) Annual meeting of the network on fiscal relations across levels of government
Presentation Nuño de Juan Ledesma (Ministry of Finance, Spain) Discussion of rising subnational debt and the role of subnational fiscal rules
Item VII Funding of local government public investment
  Local government are responsible for, on average, about 40% of general government public investments. Ensuring that they can make good investments in a fiscally sustainable manner is, therefore, crucial. Multiple factors affect their capacity to invest while being fiscally healthy, such as the funding framework, fiscal discipline mechanisms, financial instruments, financial institutions, the public financial management system and multi-level governance. Although there is no best combination of these factors, they can change the characteristics of investment outcomes and create different fiscal issues that are worth exploring.
 Presentation Hansjörg Blöchliger (ECO) Funding and financing of local government public investment: A framework with applications to five OECD countries
 Presentation Felix Ejgel (S&P Global Ratings) S&P global ratings view on global lrg indebtedness
Item VIII Discussions of funding of local government public investment
  Delegates and invitees are invited to share their practices and policy frameworks related to local government investments. In light of the draft framework and case studies, a discussion in vented on the appropriate funding and financing sources for local public investment and policies to ensure fiscal efficiency and sustainability.
Presentation Markku Mölläri (Ministry of Finance, Finland) Investments in Local and Regional sector in Finland
Presentation Daniel Hinze (Scottish Government, United Kingdom) Funding Devolved Government in the UK: Scotland
Item IX Work Programme Discussion (for Network Members only)
  The Fiscal Network’s new Programme of Work and Budget for 2021-22 has just been approved. Thematic priorities for future work will be collected and discussed, with suggestions for future themes highly welcome.
Presentation Sean Dougherty (Head of Network Secretariat): Fiscal Network Members
Background document
Local Public Finance and Capacity Building in Asia (Fiscal Federalism Studies Series)