• 15-September-2015


    Achieving fiscal consolidation while promoting social cohesion in Japan

    With gross government debt of 226% of GDP, Japan’s fiscal situation is in uncharted territory and puts the economy at risk. Japan needs a detailed and credible fiscal consolidation plan, including specific revenue increases and measures to control spending to restore its fiscal sustainability.

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  • 14-April-2015

    English, PDF, 349kb

    Taxing Wages: Key findings for Japan

    Japan is ranked 23rd among the 34 OECD member countries in decreasing order with a tax wedge of 31.9% for an average single worker in 2014 compared with the OECD average of 36.0%.

  • 10-December-2014

    English, PDF, 351kb

    Key findings for Japan: OECD Revenue Statistics and Consumption Tax Trends 2014

    The tax burden in Japan increased by 0.9 percentage points from 28.6% to 29.5% in 2012. The corresponding figure for the OECD average was an increase of 0.4 percentage points from 33.3% to 33.7%. Japan increased its standard VAT rate from 5% to 8% in April 2014. This standard VAT rate is still one of the lowest in the OECD and well below the OECD average. The average VAT/GST standard rate in the OECD was 19.1% on 1 January 2014.

  • 1-October-2013


    OECD’s Gurría backs Abe’s move on VAT

    OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, congratulated Japanese Prime Minister Abe on his announcement today that Japan will raise its consumption tax as legislated from the current 5% to 8% next April.

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  • 20-August-2013


    Japan's challenging debt dynamics

    This working paper presents the background and the details of the simulations behind Box 1.4 of the May 2013 OECD Economic Outlook. A small simulation model is used to evaluate the contribution that the three pillars of the government’s strategy – fiscal consolidation, growth-boosting structural reforms and higher inflation – could make to reversing the rise in Japan’s public debt ratio.

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  • 28-May-2013


    Restoring Japan’s fiscal sustainability

    With gross government debt surpassing 200% of GDP, Japan’s fiscal situation is in uncharted territory. In addition to robust nominal GDP growth, correcting two decades of budget deficits requires a large and sustained fiscal consolidation based on a detailed and credible multi-year plan that includes measures to control spending and raise revenue.

  • 1-February-2010

    English, , 91kb

    Agreement between Japan and Bermuda for the exchange of information relating to tax matters

    Agreement between Japan and Bermuda for the exchange of information relating to tax matters

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  • 10-December-2009


    Health-care reform in Japan: controlling costs, improving quality and ensuring equity

    Japan’s health-care system has provided universal access to care and contributed to the outstanding health status of the Japanese. Public spending has been kept below the OECD average through high co-payment rates and reductions in medical fees.

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  • 30-September-2009


    Economic Survey of Japan 2009: The fiscal policy response to the crisis and achieving fiscal sustainability

    Japan needs a credible fiscal consolidation plan, including spending cuts and tax increases, to maintain confidence in its fiscal sustainability as gross public debt nears 200% of GDP in 2010.

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  • 23-June-1998

    English, , 324kb

    Macroeconomic Effects of Pension Reforms in the Context of Ageing Populations: Overlapping Generations Model Simulations for 7 OECD Countries (Economics Department Working Paper 201)

    Using overlapping generations (OLG) models calibrated on 7 OECD countries - the United States, Japan, France, Canada, Italy, the United Kingdom and Sweden - the authors investigate the macroeconomic impact of possible pension reform strategies as populations age.