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This country note provides an environmental tax and carbon pricing profile for Greece. It shows environmentally related tax revenues, taxes on energy use and effective carbon rates.
This database provides information on environmentally related taxes, fees and charges, tradable permit systems, deposit refund systems, environmentally motivated subsidies and voluntary approaches used in environmental policy in OECD member countries and a number of other countries. Developed in co-operation between the OECD and the European Environment Agency.
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Greece has the 14th highest tax wedge among the 34 OECD member countries in 2015. The country occupied the same position in 2014. The average single worker in Greece faced a tax wedge of 39.3% in 2015 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%.
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The tax burden in Greece increased by 1.5 percentage points from 34.4% to 35.9% in 2014. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.2 percentage points from 34.2% to 34.4%
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The VAT revenues in Greece accounted for 21.2% of total tax revenue in 2012, above the OECD average of 19.5%.
Greece has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement that was developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD and that is open for signature to all countries.
OECD countries acknowledge that taxes must play a role in the process of fiscal consolidation as they battle unprecedented budget deficits. In 2010, the majority of OECD governments have stabilised their tax to GDP, with the average ratio moving up slightly from 33.8% in 2009 to 33.9% in 2010.