Transformative innovation policy in practice in Austria, Finland and Sweden
What do the Recovery and Resilience Plans tell us about linking transformation and
Governments are increasingly utilising research and innovation (R&I) policy to foster
economic and societal change. Yet, the empirical correlation between these policies
and socio-technical transformations remains under-explored. The report investigates
this relationship by comparing the Recovery and Resilience Plans (RRPs) of Austria,
Finland and Sweden, initiated under the NextGenerationEU framework post Covid-19.
The report finds significant disparities in the content, process and transformative
value of the RRPs among these countries. The differences in the content of the national
RRPs, and the ability and willingness to seize the opportunity presented by the RRPs
to drive transformation, are explained by existing national policy contexts and frameworks.
Surprisingly, the role of R&I policy in the RRPs is less important than expected,
despite its emphasised importance in literature and political rhetoric. The report
further identifies implications for a transformative innovation policy as well as
areas for further research.
Available from July 24, 2023
In series:OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papersview more titles