Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation
The human capital behind AI
Jobs and skills demand from online job postings
Building on recent OECD work, this paper analyses the skills sets (“skills bundles”)
demanded in artificial intelligence (AI)-related online job postings. The analysis
uses Burning Glass Technologies’ data for the United States and the United Kingdom
and finds that skills related to the open source programming software Python and to
machine learning represent “must-haves” for working with AI. Employers additionally
value specialised skills related to robotics, AI development and applying AI. A comparison
of the periods 2013-15 and 2017-19 shows that the latter two have become more interrelated
over time, with “neural network” skills connecting both groups. Network analysis relating
AI skills to general skills highlights the growing role of socio-emotional skills;
and of skill bundles related to programming, management of big data and data analysis.
Key results hold for both countries and time periods, though differences emerge across
occupations and industries.