Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017: interactive charts


This page displays the interactive version of a selection of the indicators contained in the OECD Science Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017.



Specialisation and citation impact in selected fields

Countries exhibit specialisation in different scientific domains. A specialisation index provides evidence of the fields in which a given country accounts for a relatively high share of scientific production, compared to the global distribution of scientific output across fields. The relationship between specialisation and citation impact is analysed in four selected domains.


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International mobility and impact of scientific authors

Scientist mobility facilitates the circulation of scientific knowledge. One way to track the mobility of scientists is to trace changes in institutional affiliation over their list of publications in scholarly journals. This approach shows that brain circulation (churn) is far more important than brain gain/drain (net flows).

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Direct government funding of business R&D and tax incentives for R&D

R&D tax incentives have become a major tool for promoting business R&D in OECD and partner economies. In 2017, 30 OECD countries gave preferential tax treatment to business R&D expenditures, up from 16 OECD countries in 2000.

See also: R&D tax incentives indicators

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Digital maturity in sectors, selected dimensions

If it is true that the digital transformation is changing the structure of production across the entire economy, it is doing so at different speeds for different dimensions in each sector. Sectors differ in their development and adoption of technology, in the human capital needed to embed this in production, and also the extent to which digital means are used to interact with clients and suppliers.


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Diffusion of selected ICT tools and activities in enterprises

Almost no business today is run without ICTs, but the extent to which countries integrate ICT tools into their business processes tends to vary across countries in line with firm and industry composition.


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