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  • 7-March-2022

    English

    OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Scoreboard

    The new STI.Scoreboard platform provides a resource to retrieve, visualise, compare and share over 1000 statistical indicators of science, technology and innovation systems across OECD countries and other economies.

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  • 23-February-2022

    English

    Innovation and industrial policies for green hydrogen

    This paper examines the current development of hydrogen technology in the manufacturing sector and the industrial policies enacted to support it across countries. In addition to continued R&D efforts, governments can already lay the ground for the deployment of green hydrogen by implementing five types of policies: 1) supporting R&D and demonstration for green hydrogen to bring down the cost of electrolysers and make them competitive; 2) increasing the supply of renewable electricity; 3) reducing the cost gap between green hydrogen and brown technologies through a comprehensive policy package, such as carbon pricing and the phasing out of inefficient fossil fuel subsidies; 4) reducing uncertainty, for instance by promoting international standardisation, hydrogen infrastructure, and sound regulatory standards; and 5) considering blue hydrogen as a short-term option to facilitate the transition to green hydrogen.
  • 22-February-2022

    English

    OECD Framework for the Classification of AI systems

    As artificial intelligence (AI) integrates all sectors at a rapid pace, different AI systems bring different benefits and risks. In comparing virtual assistants, self-driving vehicles and video recommendations for children, it is easy to see that the benefits and risks of each are very different. Their specificities will require different approaches to policy making and governance. To help policy makers, regulators, legislators and others characterise AI systems deployed in specific contexts, the OECD has developed a user-friendly tool to evaluate AI systems from a policy perspective. It can be applied to the widest range of AI systems across the following dimensions: People & Planet; Economic Context; Data & Input; AI model; and Task & Output. Each of the framework's dimensions has a subset of properties and attributes to define and assess policy implications and to guide an innovative and trustworthy approach to AI as outlined in the OECD AI Principles.
  • 21-February-2022

    English

    2nd International Conference on AI in Work, Innovation, Productivity and Skills, 21-25 February 2022

    This virtual event brings together leading voices from the technical, policy, business, academic and civil society communities to present insights on the adoption of AI in firms and the workplace, ethics of its use, and implications on skills, business dynamics, and productivity. It will also see the launch of the OECD AI Systems Classification Framework.

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  • 17-February-2022

    English

    Employment and Global Value Chains (GVCs)

    Embodied employment indicators are experimental. They enable to reveal how annual changes in OECD employment can be decomposed to account for changes in final demand for goods and services across different countries and regions.

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  • 8-February-2022

    English

    Nudging consumers toward greener choices

    This virtual event explored how governments, businesses and other stakeholders are developing policy initiatives to nudge consumers towards greener choices and also examined what further empirical work is needed to deepen global understanding of consumer attitudes and behaviours as well as areas where further policy intervention may be needed.

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  • 8-February-2022

    English

    Gearing up for a post-pandemic world: Designing policies for an innovative sustainable recovery in East and Southeast Asia

    This ERIA-OECD high-level panel on 8 February will bring together regional stakeholders to discuss the ongoing digital and green transitions.

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  • 1-February-2022

    English

    Carbon dioxide emissions embodied in international trade

    The international transfer effect of CO2 emissions are measured using the latest OECD Input-Output Tables, bilateral trade in goods and services, and energy statistics.

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  • 25-January-2022

    English

    OECD International Survey of Science

    The International Survey of Science (ISSA) collects information on the activities of authors of scientific publications through a global online survey. It aims to complement other available statistical evidence and indicators in order to provide insights on selected aspects of research and inform science policy.

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  • 14-January-2022

    English

    Labour-saving technologies and employment levels - Are robots really making workers redundant?

    This paper exploits natural language processing techniques to detect explicit labour-saving goals in inventive efforts in robotics and assess their relevance for different occupational profiles and the impact on employment levels. The analysis relies on patents published by the European Patent Office between 1978 and 2019 and firm-level data from ORBIS® IP. It investigates innovative actors engaged in labour-saving technologies and their economic environment (identity, location, industry), and identifies technological fields and associated occupations which are particularly exposed to them. Labour-saving patents are concentrated in Japan, the United States, and Italy, and seem to affect low-skilled and blue-collar jobs, along with highly cognitive and specialised professions. A preliminary analysis does not find an appreciable negative effect on employment shares in OECD countries over the past decade, but further research to econometrically investigate the relationship between labour-saving technological developments and employment would be helpful.
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